Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    Vardažodžių, įvardžių ir jų gramatinių formų vartojimas lietuvių kalbos stiliuose
    [The usage of nominals and their grammatical forms in Lithuanian language styles]
    research article
    Lituanistica. , 2005, Nr. 4.
    The usage of gender forms in the texts of all styles differs slightly, except the neuter gender forms of adjectives. In the texts of all the four styles, singular forms of all nominals are more frequent than plural ones. The usage of these forms slightly differs in the texts of different styles, except that singular forms of adjectives and pronouns are slightly more frequent in fiction. Cases of all nominals in the texts of all the styles (except vocative) according to the usage rate fall into two groups: main (genitive, nominative, accusative) and peripheral (locative, instrumental and dative). However, the usage of specific cases in the texts of comparative styles differs. Most of all differs the usage of the nominative and genitive cases of all nominals (except ordinal numerals) in the texts of fiction style. According to the usage of the discussed grammatical forms of all parts of speech, scientific and professional texts exhibit little difference, the more distinct being the fiction style, and journalese takes an intermediate position.
  • Publication
    Gramatinių formų vartojimas lietuvių kalbos beletristiniame stiliuje
    [The use of grammatical forms in Lithuanian works of fiction]
    research article
    Lituanistica. , 2003, Nr. 3., p. 75-84
    Now when Lithuania is entering the world of information technology, the need is felt to investigate its different stylistic varieties (and their thematic subtypes) at various levels of language. First of all, statistical data are needed for the individual domains of language structure (the lexicon, inflectional and derivational morphology). The morphological structure of publicistic language of business, science and administration, and the differences and similarities with regard to the use of the basic parts of speech and their principal grammatical forms have already been described in Žilinskienė [4, 5, 6]. The present article deals with the use of these forms in works of fiction. The parts of speech of fiction writing are compared with that of publicistic writing. It is characterised by a more frequent use of nouns (29.01% of the words in a text); these are followed by verbs. The cases of nouns and adjectives (the vocative being left out of consideration) can be divided into basic (nominative, genetive and accussative) and peripheral (instrumental, locative and dative). For verbs, finite forms are of highest frequency (68.51%), and participles occur less often (16.44%). Past tense forms are more frequent than present tense forms and participles.