Database.use.hdl: https://cris.mruni.eu/cris/handle/007/20617
Now showing 1 - 10 of 47
  • research article
    European scientific journal. Kočani : European Scientific Institute, 2016, vol. 12, no. 23., p. 34-61
    The paper explores the role of the international right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health in the development of the legal framework in Lithuania to address violence against women. The right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health is entrenched under various international legal instruments. These have been ratified by Lithuania which, in 2011, also adopted a Law for the protection against domestic violence. Violence against women, including domestic violence, is undoubtedly a violation of the right to health; therefore the Lithuanian context provides an opportunity to evaluate the duties of the state in this regard more precisely. Indicators on human rights measurement have been instrumental in this evaluation.
  • research article;
    WSEAS Transactions on business and economics. Athens : WSEAS Press, 2015, vol. 12., p. 48-54
    The scientific literature emphasizes that FDI can cause not only economic growth, but also economic suppression. This article is aimed at the research of the impact of FDI on Lithuanian economics by analysing the changes of three main macroeconomic indicators – GDP, unemployment rate and export. The methods of the research include systematic analysis of the scientific literature, statistical data analysis and correlation regression analysis. The results of the research have revealed that, in Lithuanian case, there exists strong correlation between FDI and GDP as well as between FDI and export. The correlation between FDI and unemployment rate is very weak, although there is a tendency that increasing income from FDI contributes to unemployment rate decrease since FDI determines creation of work places and development of industrial processes.
  • research article;
    Gedvilas, Paulius
    European scientific journal (ESJ). Kočani : European Scientific Institute, 2015, vol. 11, no. 22., p. 102-116
    The European Framework of key competences for lifelong learning, released at the end of 2006, identifies and defines eight competences that everyone needs to acquire in order to achieve personal and professional goals, social inclusion and active citizenship in today's rapidly-changing world. The paper discusses the results of the pilot study on communication in foreign languages, one out of eight key competences, conducted in 2013. The pilot research was carried out under the project Research and Development Platform for Adult Training of Generic Competences, Measure VP1-3.1-ŠMM-07-K “Support to Research Activities of Scientists and Other Researcher (Global Grant)”. The analysis of the situation in Lithuania pertinent to conceptual understanding of the competence of communication in foreign languages, its development for personal and professional growth and labour market demand is presented. The findings reveal the respondents’ self-evaluation of the competence of communication in foreign languages, the main challenges and opportunities it offers for professional life and career, personal development and participation in civic and community life.
  • research article
    Socialinės technologijos : mokslo darbai = Social technologies : research papers. Vilnius : Mykolo Romerio universitetas, 2015, t. 5, Nr. 1., p. 32-43
    This article aims to determine and analyse the main approaches of evaluation of cluster or group performance under information asymmetry within cluster. It is assumed that one of the most relevant causes of information asymmetry inside the business clusters are the different interests of its stakeholders and their willingness to dominate. This paper contributes to the further analysis, development and generalisation of evaluation approach of cluster performance and of the impact of information asymmetry on the activities of business clusters. Purpose – is to investigate the impact of information asymmetry on the evaluation on performance of business clusters and the methods and approaches of evaluation of performance with regard to information asymmetry. Design/methodology/approach – general overview of research papers presenting concepts and methodologies of evaluation of performance with regard to information asymmetry. Findings – information asymmetry has a significant impact on the performance of business clusters, and can be the decisive factor in the viability of a cluster. The members of cluster can be seem as subjects willing to dominate in cluster and to gain a relatively more portion of profit of clusters, some conflicts of interests can appear. However, there is no universal approach for evaluation of the impact of information asymmetry on cluster or group efficiency. This paper aims to highlight the main types of information asymmetry and respective approaches of evaluation analysed by the researchers. Research limitations/implications – the complexity and nature of information that can be used in the process of creation of innovation. The strong assumptions on information asymmetry from one side and the lack of advanced investigation focussed on the evaluation of business clusters performance efficiency under information asymmetry from other side are the most relevant limitations of research. Therefore the conclusions are focussed only on the conceptual level and analysis of possible further steps in creation of respective methods or models. Practical implications – information asymmetry has a significant impact on the activities and performance of business clusters, and can be the decisive factor for a viability of a cluster and creation of innovations. This study will contribute to the further development and generalisation of evaluation approach of cluster performance and of the impact of information asymmetry on the activities of business clusters. Originality/Value – This case in terms of business cluster performance and creation of innovations is not exhaustively analysed by other researchers. This paper is one of the first attempts to describe and make an assessment of the evaluation of clusters with financial contagion in the Baltic States. The findings of this article should ground the further steps of the creation of evaluation of performance efficiency under information asymmetry.
  • research article;
    WSEAS Transactions on business and economics. Athens : WSEAS Press, 2015, vol. 12., p. 124-130
    The article is aimed at the analysis of the main differences between the institutional factors of selfemployment in Lithuania and Latvia. In order to fulfil the raised aim, the first section has been designed for the analysis of the experience of entrepreneurship promotion from governmental positions in different geographical areas (Europe and the USA). The second section introduces the methodology of the empirical research and the course of the expert evaluation. 5 experts from Latvia and 9 experts from Lithuania were involved in the research. The results of the empirical research propose the following conclusions: the number of the selfemployed in Latvia could be increased by focusing on the financial measures of self-employment while in Lithuania it could be increased by focusing on tax incentives; the opportunity to receive a preferential credit is an influential factor of self-employment promotion in both Latvia and Lithuania; business expansion while becoming an employer could be promoted by facilitation of tax administration, less intensive regulation of the labour market and financial support provided for small and medium business.
  • Publication
    Suinteresuotosios pusės e. sveikatos plėtros procese
    [Stakeholders in the process of e-health development: theory and practical experience of selected foreign countries]
    research article;
    Socialinės technologijos : mokslo darbai = Social technologies : research papers [Elektroninis išteklius]. Vilnius : Mykolo Romerio universitetas, 2013, [Nr.] 3(2)., p. 448-471
    Remiantis Friedmano ir Mileso (2006) praplėstu Arnsteino (1969) pasiūlytu suinteresuotų pusių dalyvavimo kopėčių (angl. Stakeholder participation ladder) modeliu, kuris atspindi suinteresuotų pusių įtraukimo kokybės laipsnius, bei kokybinio empirinio tyrimo rezultatais, pateikiamos rekomendacijos, kokios suinteresuotos pusės, kaip ir kada turėtų būti įtrauktos į šį procesą, siekiant efektyviausių rezultatų e. sveikatos plėtros procese. Tyrimo ribotumas – empirinė straipsnio dalis remiasi nuodugnia Anglijos ir Velso praktinės e. sveikatos plėtros patirties analize. Vėlesni tyrimai galėtų toliau nagrinėti išvadų aktualumą kitų užsienio šalių bei Lietuvos atžvilgiu. Praktinė reikšmė – analitinėje straipsnio dalyje remiamasi visapusiškos kokybinio empirinio tyrimo analizės rezultatais, atskirai yra pateikiamos apibendrintos rekomendacijos praktikams, dirbantiems e. sveikatos plėtros procese. Orginalumas / vertingumas – straipsnyje pateikiama naujausios mokslinės literatūros šia tema apžvalga ir susiejama su empirinio kokybinio tyrimo įžvalgomis.
      2
  • Publication
    How useful and possible collective intelligence technologies are in programming of public sector’s decisions?
    [Kiek galimos ir naudingos kolektyvinio intelekto technologijos programuojant viešojo sektoriaus sprendimus?]
    research article;
    Socialinės technologijos : mokslo darbai = Social technologies : research papers [Elektroninis išteklius]. Vilnius : Mykolo Romerio universitetas, 2013, [Nr.] 3(2)., p. 415-431
    Research limitations/implications – references used for the analysis on intelligence generated by many and collective intelligences technologies are not an exhaustive list within the field. Accomplished empirical research leans only upon analyses of Lithuanian experts. No technical insights into the technologies of collective intelligence are made. Practical implications – findings of the paper provide suggestions for improving strategy of decision making process in public sector, due to which efficient model for participation of citizens (and residents) is possible. Originality/value – the systemic analysis of concepts of collective intelligence and collective intelligence technologies and their adaption possibilities in public sector’s decisions is presented. A new viewpoint is given to means of citizens (and residents) participation in public matters. Programming of Lithuania’s public sector’s decisions is analyzed.
  • Publication
    Modelling profitability of banks by using dynamic panel data estimation method
    [Bankų pelningumo modeliavimas, taikant dinaminį sekinių duomenų vertinimo metodą]
    research article
    Naruševičius, Laurynas
    Socialinės technologijos : mokslo darbai = Social technologies : research papers [Elektroninis išteklius]. Vilnius : Mykolo Romerio universitetas, 2013, [Nr.] 3(2)., p. 278-287
    Purpose – to find and assess connection between banking sector profitability and real economy data, using panel data, and to display analysis capabilities of dynamic panel data estimation methods. Design/methodology/approach – a panel, or longitudinal data set, consists of a sequence of observations, repeated through time on a set of statistical units. Panel data and their estimation methods are frequently used in various economic research, as it gives more information than pure cross-section or time series data. Findings – dynamic panel data estimation methods are used to study relationship between income statement items (net interest income, net fee and commission income and operating expenses) and macroeconomic variables. Model estimation shows that included macroeconomic variables are significant and there is interaction between banks profitability and real economy. Net interest income are found to be dependent on real investment and short term interest rate, net fee and commission income reacts to changes in real gross domestic product (GDP) and operating expenses are connected to real GDP and compensation per employee. Practical implications – the model is used to estimate income statement items changes after the external forecasted macroeconomic impact. The forecasts indicate that banks profitability reacts to changes in macroeconomic situation.
  • Publication
    Kokybiniai vartotojų elgsenos tyrimai internete: metodologiniai iššūkiai
    [Methodological issues in online qualitative consumer behavior research]
    research article
    Paunksnienė, Žaneta
    ;
    Banytė, Jūratė
    Socialinės technologijos : mokslo darbai = Social technologies : research papers [Elektroninis išteklius]. Vilnius : Mykolo Romerio universitetas, 2013, [Nr.] 3(2)., p. 261-277
    Tyrimo ribotumas – straipsnyje aptariamos tik konkretaus tyrimo kontekste iškilusios problemos, palyginimui neįtraukiama daugiau pavyzdžių bei analizuojami tik su pristatomu tyrimu susiję aspektai. Toks požiūris neleidžia daryti bendrinio pobūdžio apibendrinimų. Praktinė reikšmė – unikaliu straipsnio turiniu siekiama praplėsti analogiškas studijas realizuojančių mokslininkų sprendimų galimybes. Originalumas / vertingumas – straipsnyje pateikiama analizė pagrįsta realiu internete įgyvendintu tyrimu, dėl ko teorinė diskusija iliustruojama praktiniais sprendimais, originaliai papildančiais esamas metodologines gaires.
      4
  • Publication
    Virtualių bendruomenių kolektyvinio intelekto galimybės ir iššūkiai spręsti visuomenei aktualias problemas
    [Potential and challenges of web-based collective intelligence to tackle societal problems]
    research article;
    Socialinės technologijos : mokslo darbai = Social technologies : research papers [Elektroninis išteklius]. Vilnius : Mykolo Romerio universitetas, 2013, [Nr.] 3(2)., p. 330-341
    Tačiau ne visos užtikrina kolektyvinį veikimą, kuris yra būtinas KI. Mokslininkai, analizuodami ir grupuodami internetinių terpių su KI požymiais įvairias charakteristikas, nustatė gana nedidelį rinkinį bendrų elementų, kuriuos pavadino KI genais, o jų kombinacijų visumą – KI genomu. Klasifikuojant šiuos genus naudojamos dvi poros klausimų: kas atlieka užduotis? kodėl jie tai daro? bei kas yra vykdoma? kaip tai yra daroma? Atsakymai į šiuos klausimus parodo, kokiais principais veikia KI formavimosi terpė. Tai svarbu žinoti kuriant sistemas, kuriose siekiama KI atsiradimo ir jo pritaikymo konkretiems tikslams pasiekti . Moksliniai tyrimai pagrindžia, kad KI turi potencialo spręsti viešąsias problemas. Tam kuriamos specialios virtualaus bendravimo platformos. Žvalgomasis Lietuvos virtualių socialinių projektų tyrimas parodė, kad tokių platformų daugėja, o jose veikiančių socialiai aktyvių narių skaičius auga. Svarbu, kad šie projektai turėtų leisti identifikuoti, svarstyti visuomenines problemas, ieškoti jų sprendimo alternatyvų, jas vertinti ir priimti sprendimus. Kaip tokie Lietuvos KI platformų pavyzdžiai buvo nagrinėti virtualūs socialiniai projektai Aš Lietuvai ir Lietuva 2.0. Šie projektai integruoja visus KI formavimosi ir jo pritaikomumo socialiniams iššūkiams spręsti elementus: gali pritraukti didelį skaičių geografiškai išsiskirsčiusių žmonių, turi technologinius sprendinius, leidžiančius identifikuoti, svarstyti visuomenines problemas ieškoti jų sprendimo alternatyvų, jas vertinti ir priimti sprendimus. Tačiau Lietuvos praktikos tyrimas neatskleidžia, ar šiose virtualiose terpėse atsiradęs KI yra ar gali būti pritaikomas praktikoje ir daryti realią įtaką viešosioms politikoms. Tyrimo apribojimai – šiame straipsnyje pateikiamas atvejų studijas galima vertinti tik kaip apžvalgines, reikalaujančias platesnių ir išsamesnių tyrimų. [...]