Database.use.hdl: https://cris.mruni.eu/cris/handle/007/20799
Now showing 1 - 8 of 8
  • research article
    Socialinės gerovės tyrimai = Social inquiry into well-being., p. 150-164.
    This article examines the essential characteristics of the communicative abilities of psycho- logists working in the method of biosuggestive therapy (biosuggestive therapists) as a symptom complex that includes a person’s ability to interact with other people, to adequately interpret the received information, as well as to transmit it correctly. The quality and level of the ability to interact with people at the level of the harmonious pole of dynamic, emotional, regulato- ry, motivational, cognitive, productive and reflective-evaluative characteristics of sociability, determined according to the “Judgment test for studying personality sociability (JTFSPS)” methodology of A. I. Krupnov, are shown. It is also demonstrated that the ability to adequ- ately interpret received information is determined by the level of development of empathic abilities (according to the method of V. V. Boyko), as well as by the sensitivity of a person to the non-verbal behaviour of another and the ability to adequately identify it (according to the method of expert evaluation of non-verbal communication by A. M. Kuznetsova). It is summarized that biosuggestive psychologists can adequately interpret received information either through the ability to put themselves in their partner’s place, together with the ability to adequately identify the non-verbal behaviour of communication partners, or through the ability to understand the inner world of the interlocutor, creating an atmosphere of openness, trustworthiness, and intimacy during communication. It is shown that the ability to correctly convey information is manifested at the level of the ability to achieve mutual understanding, to influence others (according to the “Perceptual-Interactive Competence Test” method of N. P. Fetyskina), as well as the ability to manage the non-verbal repertoire (according to the method of expert assessment of non-verbal communication A. M. Kuznetsova). It was determined in the factor analysis that the most essential characteristics that de- termine the communicative activity of a biosuggestive psychologist with a high level of com- municative ability are: externality – the need for communication; internality – egocentricity; objectivity – non-verbal influence; and mutual recognition – categoricalness.
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  • research article
    Bareikytė, Simona
    ;
    ;
    Jacevič, Barbara
    ;
    Paužaitė-Kulvinskienė, Jurgita
    Miscellanea Historico-Iuridica., p. 11-42.
    Judicial review of the legality of administrative acts is one of the most important elements of the rule of law. The institute of administrative justice began to develop in the 19th century: in 1872 The French Council of State was given a function of judicial review, the Administrative Court in Vienna (Austria-Hungary) was established in 1867, in Baden (Germany) in 1863, etc. After the First World War, administrative courts were established in several European countries. The law on the Supreme Administrative Court and its Jurisdiction in Czechoslovakia was adopted in 1918.1The Law for the Supreme Administrative Court in Poland was issued in 1922.2Administrative courts were also functioning in other countries (Latvia, Estonia). In Lithuania administrative courts were established for the first time in 1999, although up to fifteen draft laws on the Administrative Court were prepared in the interwar Lithuania. This article was written on the occasion of the centenary of the Polish administrative courts. Thus, the purpose of the article is to familiarize the readers with Lithuanian administrative courts, starting with the development of the institute of administrative justice from 1918 and ending with the perspectives of judicial review formed in that time. Therefore, the authors of the article set the following objectives: to remind of the origins of administrative justice in Lithuania from 1918 to 1940; to reveal the course of the establishment of administrative courts after the Restoration of the Independence of the Republic of Lithuania in 1990, briefly discussing who and on the basis of which legal acts controlled the legality of administrative acts during the Soviet era; to provide the insights of institutional evelopment as well as competence development of the administrative courts; to present contemporary administrative process, giving some insights about the status quo; to present the features of and the most relevant reforms of administrative process. Abbreviations used in the article are as follows: CSARL – Central State Archive of the Republic of Lithuania, MDWLLAS – Manuscript Department ofthe Wróblewski Library of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences.
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  • research article
    Kurapov, Anton
    ;
    ; ; ;
    Balashevych, Oleksandra
    ;
    Kalaitzaki, Argyroula
    Socialinės gerovės tyrimai = Social inquiry into well-being, p. 62-80
    This research focuses on the assessment of post-traumatic growth (PTG) in an ongoing crisis situation – namely, the war in Ukraine. This research was designed as a crosssectional correlational study and was conducted 6 months after the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The authors focused on the following sociodemographic aspects: gender, age, marital status, number of children, place of current residence (either within or outside Ukraine), subjective evaluation of financial state, satisfaction with current living conditions, and current employment status. Personal life-experiences of traumatic events were assessed using the Life Events Checklist (LEC-5); PTG was assessed using the Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI). The study included 706 participants (age M = 32.1); 155 males and 541 females. Using one- and two-way ANOVA, we answered the following research questions: To what extent do individuals living in war-torn areas exhibit indications of PTG? Can sociodemographic variables serve as reliable predictors of PTG? How do levels of PTG differ between individuals residing in Ukraine and those living abroad? What is the relationship between PTG and war-related trauma? It was found that people living in war-torn areas exhibit moderate levels of PTG. Women are more prone to PTG than men; younger and older participants show higher levels of PTG, while middle-aged participants exhibit lower levels; and financial security increases PTG. Presence in Ukraine increases personal strength, while living outside of Ukraine increases the possibilities for new PTG strategies. Trauma exposure during the war does not increase levels of PTG.
  • Publication
    Vaikų, sergančių cukriniu diabetu, sveikatos kompetencijos ugdymas(is) įvairioje aplinkoje
    [The development of the health competences of children with diabetes mellitus in diverse environments]
    research article;
    Socialinės gerovės tyrimai = Social inquiry into well-being., p. 112-128.
    Tyrimo objektas – vaikų, kurie serga cukriniu diabetu, sveikatos kompetencijos ugdymas(is) įvairioje aplinkoje. Straipsnio tikslas – atskleisti vaikų, kurie serga cukriniu diabetu, sveikatos kompetencijos ugdymą(si) įvairioje aplinkoje. Uždaviniai: 1) identifikuoti vaikų sveikatos kompetencijos ugdymo(si) aplinką; 2) atskleisti, kaip ir kokioje aplinkoje cukriniu diabetu sergantys vaikai ugdosi sveikatos kompetencijas. Tyrimo klausimai: 1. Kokia yra reali vaikų, sergančių cukriniu diabetu, sveikatos kompetencijos ugdymo(si) aplinka? 2. Kokius sveikatos kompetencijos aspektus cukriniu diabetu sergantys vaikai ugdo(si) skirtingoje aplinkoje? 3. Kokia ugdymo(si) aplinka yra priimtiniausia vaikams ir kodėl? Tyrimo metodai: teoriniai: mokslinės literatūros analizė, apibendrinimas ir sisteminimas; empiriniai: duomenys rinkti pusiau struktūruotu interviu metodu; tyrimo duomenų analizei taikytas turinio (content) analizės metodas. Siekiant prisotinimo principo kokybiniame tyrime atlikti 7 interviu su vaikais (4 mergaitės ir 3 berniukai), sergančiais cukriniu diabetu. Tyrime išskirtos šešios vaikų sveikatos kompetencijos ugdymo(si) aplinkos: gydymo įstaigų aplinka, šeimos, vasaros stovyklų / sanatorijų aplinka, savivaldaus mokymosi aplinka, socialinių medijų ir likimo draugų aplinkos. Empiriniu tyrimu atskleista, kad vaikams yra svarbu, jog ugdymo(si) aplinka būtų saugi ir jauki, leistų jiems atsiskleisti, būti savimi ir reikšti savo mintis, ugdytis per patirtį. Sveikatos kompetencijos ugdymo(si) aplinkos organizatoriai turėtų motyvuoti vaikus ir įtraukti į šį procesą kuo įvairesnės įdomios veiklos ir kūrybiškų metodų.
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  • Publication
    Vidurinės mokyklos/gimnazijos geografijos ugdymo turinio atnaujinimas: nuo pasyvios link aktyvios geografijos
    [Secondary school/gymnasium geography curriculum update: from passive to active geography]
    research article
    Gerulaitis, Šarūnas
    ;
    Zigmas Kairaitis
    Geografija ir edukacija : mokslo almanachas = Geography and education : science almanac, p. 65-80
    Straipsnyje pateikiamos metodologinės prieigos, kuriomis grindžiamas Lietuvos vidurinės mokyklos (11–12 klasės) ir gimnazijos (III–IV klasės) geografijos ugdymo turinio atnaujinimas bei Bendrųjų geografijos ugdymo programų kūrimas. Siekiama atsakyti į klausimą „Kaip pagrįsti ir sistemingai susieti geografijos mokslo ir didaktikos raidos tendencijas, remiantis nūdienos geografinį ugdymą apibrėžiančiais tarptautiniais ir Lietuvos švietimo dokumentais?“ Analizuojami Lietuvos švietimo ir tarptautiniai dokumentai (chartijos, deklaracijos), apibrėžiantys ugdymo turinio atnaujinimo ir geografinio švietimo šiuolaikines tendencijas. Palyginama geografijos ir jos didaktikos (mokyklinės geografijos) istorinė raida ir perspektyva. Parodoma ugdymo pasiekimų sričių ir kompetencijų sklaida atskirose bendrojo ugdymo mokyklos pakopose.
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  • Publication
    Džeromas Seimūras Bruneris ir Džonas Diujis: pažinimo ir patyrimo jungtys
    [Jerome Seymour Bruner and John Dewey: connections of cognition and experience]
    research article
    Gerulaitis, Šarūnas
    Geografija ir edukacija : mokslo almanachas = Geography and education : science almanac, p. 81-87
    Esė analizuojamas Džeromo Seimūro Brunerio (Jerome Seymour Bruner) ir Džono Diujo (John Dewey) požiūris į aplinką, kurioje vyksta ugdymosi procesas, lyginamas konstruktyvizmo filosofijos krypties – pozityvizmo ir pragmatizmo – klasikų požiūris į ugdymą. Šie mokslininkai augo ir kūrė toje pačioje amerikietiškoje švietimo sistemoje, priešinosi to meto esančiai bihevioristinei ugdymo filosofijai, ieškojo naujų idėjų, tarkim, kaip mokytis iš patirties, per praktiką, kaip prasmingą veiklą nukreipti į mokymą(si), taip pat reformavo to meto švietimo sistemą. Atsižvelgiant į šiandienos aktualų – įtraukųjį – ugdymą, galima teigti, kad Dž. S. Brunerio idėjos – aktyvus mokinio mokymasis, spiralinis mokymasis ir pastoliavimas – yra aktualios ir prasmingos. Dž. Diujo mokykla – atvira, demokratiška, leidžianti skleistis ir augti kiekvienam, – turi būti „gyva“ tam, kad mokiniai išmoktų spręsti savo ar visuomenės problemas, su kuriomis susiduria ir mokykloje, ir už jos ribų. Čia prasmingai siejasi ir Marijos Lukšienės išsakytas teiginys, kad reikia kurti atvirą žmogų, o per jį – atvirą kultūrą. Kultūros ir žmogaus atvirumas neatskiriamas nuo demokratiškumo (Lukšienė, 2013).
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  • research article
    Socialinės gerovės tyrimai = Social inquiry into well-being., p. 129-149.
    Identity formation is an important developmental process during adolescence. The inter- play between adolescents’ gender identity, loneliness, and body dissatisfaction is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon. Adolescent gender identity issues are thought to be related to loneliness, and body dissatisfaction is a risk factor for greater loneliness. It can be hypothe- sized that adolescents experiencing gender identity issues could feel lonelier when they have greater body dissatisfaction. The present study addresses the following two research questions: (1) Are adolescents’ (both girls and boys) gender identities associated with loneliness, body dissatisfaction, and fear of negative appearance evaluation? (2) Does body dissatisfaction and fear of negative appearance evaluation mediate between adolescents’ gender identity and loneliness, and does this differ for girls and boys? The sample consists of 211 adolescents (54.5% girls) aged 15–17 (Mage = 16.20) from five secondary schools in Vilnius. Adolescent gender identity was measured using the Gender Identity/Gender Dysphoria Questionnaire for Adolescents and Adults (GIDYQ-AA); body dissatisfaction was established using the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ); loneliness was established using the UCLA Loneliness Scale; and apprehension regarding appearance evaluation was established using the Fear of Negative Appearance Evaluation Scale (FNAES). The results show that the gender identity of both girls and boys is negatively related to loneliness, body dissatisfaction, and fear of negative appea- rance evaluation. The results also revealed that the association between gender identity and loneliness was mediated by body dissatisfaction, and that the association between body dis- satisfaction and loneliness was stronger for boys than for girls. However, fear of negative ap- pearance evaluation does not mediate the association between gender identity and loneliness. These results illustrate the importance of examining adolescents’ gender differences regarding body dissatisfaction, loneliness, and gender identity, especially the experiences of boys regar- ding body dissatisfaction.
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  • Publication
    Malda psichologo žvilgsniu: literatūros apžvalga
    [Prayer from the psychological perspective: a review of the literature.]
    research article
    Soter., p. 45-60.
    Šiuo straipsniu siekiama parodyti, kad malda gali būti (ir iš tikrųjų yra) psichologų tyrimo objektas. Visų pirma straipsnyje bandoma apibūdinti, kas yra malda, ir suprasti, kaip mokslininkai ją apibrėžia iš psichologijos perspektyvos. Toliau apžvelgiami moksliniai maldos tyrimai, pradedant F. Galtono 1872 m. atliktu tyrimu ir baigiant XXI amžiaus šiuolaikiniais empiriniais maldos psichologijos tyrinėjimais, daugiau dėmesio skiriant kontroversiškai maldos efektyvumo tyrimo sričiai. Straipsnyje taip pat aptariamas ryšys tarp maldos ir sveikatos, maldos svarba šeiminiuose santykiuose ir maldos išgyvenimas skirtingais raidos etapais. Galiausiai nurodomos maldos psichologijos tyrimų problemos ir ribotumai.
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