CEEOL – Central and Eastern European Online Library
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- research articleProblems of legality : collection of scientific works. Kharkiv : Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, 2020, no. 149., p. 114-125The article analyzes the legal regulation of hazardous waste management in Lithuania and its compliance with regional waste management strategies and legislation. Noteworthy, that in Lithuania, the hazardous waste management policy is based on the EU waste management hierarchy. We can assume that the system of administrative measures applied for the management of hazardous waste: licensing, permits, is appropriate and presupposes the reduction of the negative impact of the generation and management of hazardous waste on human health and the environment. For companies, which operates with hazardous waste management the legislation imposes an obligation to operate in accordance with the general EU environmental principles of precaution and sustainability, technical feasibility and economic viability, protection of resources, and the overall impact on the environment, public health, the economy and the social environment.
- research article
;Geffner, RobertSocialinis darbas = Social work : research papers. Vilnius : Mykolo Romerio universitetas, 2020, vol. 18, no. 2., p. 65-80Up to 75 % of women globally at some point in their lives have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) (Garcia-Moreno, Jansen, Ellsberg, Heise, & Watts, 2005). However, 60 % of the survivors suffer in silence (European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, 2014), therefore they cannot obtain help and protection. Therefore, we conducted the study with the aim to understand what keeps the women from help-seeking. In order to understand what keeps the women from disclosing IPV, we conducted the study and analysed IPV survivors’ non-disclosure reasons and their association with different forms of IPV. Through social media, 127 women survivors of IPV were recruited. The Composite Abuse Scale (CAS) and the Scale of Economic Abuse (SEA) were used together with the list of 12 possible reasons of non-disclosure. We found that the women reported the main reasons they did not disclose or seek help were shame (59.1 %) and wished to keep it in secret (40.9 %). Moreover, several binary logistic regression models revealed that non-disclosure reasons could be predicted by the severity and frequency of different forms of IPV. For example, the results indicated that the women who experience physical abuse were kept from disclosing it due to fear of abuser’s retaliation. It is possible that better protection of IPV survivors and efforts to reduce impunity substantially could result in increased helpseeking by IPV survivors. However, analysis suggests that one type of solution is not going to make a needed change. In order to increase help-seeking behaviour, a systemic approach is needed addressing policy, funding and resources available to help and protection providers. The findings can serve as guidelines for policies directed towards speedy and increased help-seeking from various professionals, institutions and organisations. 2 Działalność organizacji pozarządowych Polski i Litwy w zaspokojeniu potrzeb społeczności lokalnych (analiza porównawcza)Publication[Social activities of Polish and Lithuanian NGO’s in local communities (comparative analysis)]research article ;Lakis, Juozas ; ;Siedlecki, MarcinPrzedsiębiorczość i zarządzanie: Subsydiarność w ekonomii i zarządzaniu - wybrane zagadnienia / Redakcja: Cecylia Sadowska-Snarska, Michał Turniak. Łódź : Wydawnictwo Społecznoj Akademii Nauk, 2019, t. 20, z. 9., p. 7-26Jednym z przejawów subsydiarności we współczesnym społeczeństwie są organizacje pozarządowe, powstające z oddolnych potrzeb i działające w obszarach codziennego życia społeczności lokalnych. Generują one aktywność prospołeczną zbiorowości terytorialnej lub pewnej grupy społecznej, a jednocześnie podejmują się działań w celu rozwiązywania problemów o charakterze ogólnoludzkim. Ze względu na swój status społeczny i możliwości zagwarantowane prawem, NGO są czułymi nośnikami informacji o sytuacji zbiorowości, przede wszystkim w socjalnym, zdrowotnym, ekologicznym czy edukacyjnym obszarze. Organizacje pozarządowe dysponują dostępem do instytucji rządowych i samorządowych, mają możliwość korzystania z organów praworządności i środków masowego przekazu.
- Corruption is one of the oldest human problems that poses a serious threat to the process o f economic growth. Corruption in recent decades has been highlighted in many studies. Some corruption studies were focused on the decline of economic indicators, other studies have shown that corruption can increase economic efficiency. Later studies were performed using statistical analysis. The purpose o f this article is to assess the level of corruption in Lithuania, identifying the main factors of the emergence of the shadow economy. Having analysed the level o f corruption in Lithuania, it was found that in Lithuania between 1999 and 2016, the corruption perception index reached an average of 4.96 points, therefore, it can be argued that Lithuania laces large corruption problems and is not able to bring down corruption.
Image capturing devices: threat or good?Publicationresearch article ;Šilinskė, NeringaProblems of legality : collection of scientific works. Kharkiv : Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, 2019, no. 144., p. 120-137The authors of the paper ‘weight’ advantages and threat to privacy caused by the usage of unmanned aerial vehicles (drones) and dashboard cameras. By analysing and comparing legal regulation of two geographically, historically and culturally close countries (Latvia and Lithuania) they indicate differences of regulation of privacy, problematic aspects of their current national regulation on the usage of technologies in-topic and privacy protection and suggest possible solutions to the legal shortcomings found. 2
- research articlePolitical preferences. Katowice : Centre for Innovation, Technology Transfer and Development Foundation. University of Silesia in Katowice, 2017, vol. 14., p. 87-98The purpose of this article is to present the analysis of the election results of Lietuvos lenkų rinkimų akcija-Kriščioniškų šeimų sąjunga (LLRA-KŠS, Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania-Christian Families Alliance) in Lithuania’s Parliamentary election 2016. The article presents a short review of the development of Lithuanian-Polish relationship. Several new events took place before Parliamentary election 2016 and had a certain impact on it. First of all, constituency borders were changed in Lithuania, what in general was very advantageous for LLRA-KŠS. Secondly, geopolitical and security situation in Russia changed dramatically because of its aggression in Ukraine and it also revealed prokremlin’s orientation of LLRA-KŠS that in turn had a very negative impact on the party’s image. Probably due to this LLRA-KŠS received about 10,000 votes less. This drop was most significant in Vilnius city but had an immaterial effect in the constituencies controlled by LLRA-KŠS. Nevertheless, the election reveals another important fact that voters in Vilnius district value not only candidates' nationalities (as it might be expected) but also their origin and bonds with local communities.
- Although the analysis of the relationship between a customer and a vendor (an external service provider) has earned sufficient scientific attention while researching private sector, what concerns public sector, there is a tendency to focus on the analysis of the efficiency of outsourcing relationship rather than concentrate on the nature and peculiarities of the relationship itself. This determined the aim of the article – to evaluate outsourcing relationship in electricity supply industry in Lithuania. The methods of the research include the systematic analysis of the scientific literature and the expert evaluation. The theoretical analysis of the scientific literature has enabled to form the structural model of outsourcing relationship between a customer and a vendor and this way identify the theoretical determinants of outsourcing relationship from customer and supplier’s point of view. Considering the subject of the research – Lithuanian electricity supply sector, the directions of outsourcing relationship in electricity supply chain have been defined. The empirical part of the research (expert evaluation) has revealed the most significant negotiation, contract making, contract performance and confirmation, observation (monitoring), partnership and dissatisfaction factors that have the impact on outsourcing relationship in Lithuanian electricity supply sector.The main causes of outsourcing relationship problems in the analysed sector have also been identified. They include such internal issues as the lack of clear goals and objectives and lack of coordination between management teams. Incompatibility of the parties is also attributed to extremely significant causes of outsourcing problems in the analysed sector. The main external causes of outsourcing relationship problems include economic and market changes, which are not directly influenced by the operating entities. With reference to the research results, it can be concluded that for qualitative outsourcing collaboration in Lithuanian electricity supply sector, strategic goals and objectives must be defined, contract performance standards must be followed and smooth operation must be ensured, focusing on the constant contract performance control as well as observation of the policy efficiency.
The assessment of the impact of foreign direct investment on Lithuanian’s competitivenessPublicationThe article through the raised aim overviews the assessment of the impact of foreign direct investment on Lithuania’s competitiveness. In order to identify the factors which attract and repel FDI in Lithuania and to assess the impact of FDI on the competitiveness of Lithuania the expert survey was conducted and 11 different investors from various foreign countries who have established their business in Lithuania have answered the questionnaire. Empirical research has revealed that the positive impact make the following factors in attracting FDI to Lithuania: the most important factor was talented and skilled (mean value 4.36) and work related experience (mean value 4.09) among labour force factors. The highest mean value in cultural factors group scored the following factors: open to foreigners (mean value 4.45), motivated (mean value 4.27) and tolerant (mean value 4). Foreign investors ranked all infrastructure factors more or less the same: flight connections to major world capitals (mean value 3.64) and trade connections (mean value 3.82). Foreign investors ranked possibility of production growth (mean value 4.18) and lower salary in Lithuania (mean value 4) as the most important among economic factors. Foreign investors ranked business environment factors relatively similar however possibility for innovations (mean value 4.27) is prevailing in this sub group and stands out as a factor which makes a positive impact on the country’s competitiveness. The least important factors which repel FDI to Lithuania the experts ranked the following. The least important was education of potential employees among labour force factors where university graduates scored mean value 2.91. Foreign investors were least interested in the religion (mean value 2.55) of potential employees among cultural factors. Infrastructure factors were not the priority for foreign investors in attracting FDI to Lithuania. Moreover, financial incentives from Government (mean value 2.36) were ranked as the least important among Economic factors. Less bureaucracy (mean value 3.18) was ranked as the least important among Business environment factors. Based on the results of expert recommendations the suggestions how to attract more FDI to Lithuania are provided at the end of the article: be visible and known worldwide, expansion of investor’s search geography, diversification of sectors for investment, flexible work relationships, education system cooperation with investors, encouragement of Lithuanian communities, decrease of bureaucracy, invitation of current investors to share good experience. 2 Bezpieczeństwo turystów - analiza potencjalnych zagrożeń turystyki wyjazdowej z LitwyPublication[Tourists safety: the analysis of potential threats of Lithuanian outbound tourism trends]Tourism is one of the fastest developing sectors of the economy. Tourists gather more and more diverse travel destinations. In our days during the travel time tourists deal with increasingly wider variety of threats. This paper analyzes modern threats faced by tourists departing from LTU. As well the paper analyzes the main threats tourists may encounter on the most popular tourists destinations.