CSA: Worlwide Political Science Abstracts
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Changing typology of organised crime in a post-socialist Lithuania (the late 1980s-early 2000s)Publicationresearch article ; ;Juška, Arūnas ;Johnstone, PeterPozzuto, RichardGlobal Crime. Abingdon : Routledge, 2004, Vol. 6, no. 2., p. 201-221This paper analyzes the dynamics of organised crime in post-socialist Lithuania. Three overlapping periods in evolution of organised crime are discerned. During the mid 1980s organised crime emerged with the attempts to liberalise the state socialism by legalizing cooperative and individual property as a basis for economic activities. By the early 1990s organised crime in Lithuania began to metamorphose from illegal manufacturing to opportunistic criminality associated with the privatisation of state property. Since the mid 1990s organised crime has again undergone change. It has entered what could be termed a maturation phase. This maturation was influenced by a number of factors including; the end of the privatization process, resumed growth of the economy, development of the legal and fiscal infrastructure to regulate a market economy, and increasing effectiveness and successes of policing in Lithuania . In this article the political, socio-economic, organisational and cultural factors that influenced the dynamics of change in organised crime are analyzed.