Database.use.hdl: https://cris.mruni.eu/cris/handle/007/21382
Now showing 1 - 10 of 16
  • research article
    Zhao, Wenwu
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    Yin, Caichun
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    Hua, Ting
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    Meadows, Michael E.
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    Li, Yan
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    Liu, Yanxu
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    Cherubini, Francesco
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    Fu, Bojie
    Humanities and Social Sciences Communications. London : Springer Nature, 2022, vol. 9, iss. 1, ARTN 258., p. 1821-1840
    The COVID-19 pandemic continues to pose substantial challenges to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Exploring systematic SDG strategies is urgently needed to aid recovery from the pandemic and reinvigorate global SDG actions. Based on available data and comprehensive analysis of the literature, this paper highlights ongoing challenges facing the SDGs, identifies the effects of COVID-19 on SDG progress, and proposes a systematic framework for promoting the achievement of SDGs in the post-pandemic era. Progress towards attaining the SDGs was already lagging behind even before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Inequitable distribution of food–energy–water resources and environmental crises clearly threaten SDG implementation. Evidently, there are gaps between the vision for SDG realization and actual capacity that constrain national efforts. The turbulent geopolitical environment, spatial inequities, and trade-offs limit the effectiveness of SDG implementation. The global public health crisis and socio-economic downturn under COVID-19 have further impeded progress toward attaining the SDGs. Not only has the pandemic delayed SDG advancement in general, but it has also amplified spatial imbalances in achieving progress, undermined connectivity, and accentuated anti-globalization sentiment under lockdowns and geopolitical conflicts. Nevertheless, positive developments in technology and improvement in environmental conditions have also occurred. In reflecting on the overall situation globally, it is recommended that post-pandemic SDG actions adopt a “Classification–Coordination–Collaboration” framework. Classification facilitates both identification of the current development status and the urgency of SDG achievement aligned with national conditions. Coordination promotes domestic/international and inter-departmental synergy for short-term recovery as well as long-term development. Cooperation is key to strengthening economic exchanges, promoting technological innovation, and building a global culture of sustainable development that is essential if the endeavor of achieving the SDGs is to be successful. Systematic actions are urgently needed to get the SDG process back on track.
    WOS© IF 3.5WOS© AIF 1.9Scopus© SNIP 1.62
  • research article; ;
    International journal of criminology and sociology, p. 172-181
    The article aims to explore the external and internal factors influencing the activities of NGOs, in Lithuania. A qualitative empirical study was conducted (10 expert surveys) on this issue, what are the factors that help and hinder the activities of NGOs in Lithuania. The study allowed us to identify groups of factors positively influencing the activities of NGOs: human skills; infrastructure, as well as the organisation's relationship with public authorities, the hindering factors were also identified: the application of contracting authority status to NGOs; "activities in the public interest" interpretation; peculiarities of taxation of non-profit organizations; etc. The most relevant groups of NGO activity problems and related legal acts were distinguished: application of the contracting authority status to NGOs (Law on Public Procurement of the Republic of Lithuania); Interpretation of “activities in the public interest” (STI material. Peculiarities of taxation of non-profit organizations; etc. legislation); application of corporate income tax to non-profit organizations (Law on Corporate Income Tax of the Republic of Lithuania).
      2
  • research article;
    International journal of criminology and sociology. Mississauga : Lifescience Global, 2020, vol. 9., p. 614-624
    This article is devoted to present a system of selected criteria created by the authors of this article and to describe the stages of implementation of strategic planning in municipalities of Lithuania into which, based on this system of selected criteria, the authors of this article have proposed to divide the period from 1990 to the present day. The division of the period of implementation of strategic planning in municipalities of Lithuania chosen based on selected criteria and the characterisation of the processes taking place during those stages allows this article to be seen as scientifically new and relevant as well as useful in terms of transferring good practice.
      4  4Scopus© SNIP 5.014
  • research article; ;
    Economics. Ecology. Socium. Kyiv : Institute of Market Problems and Economic-and-Ecological Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2020, vol. 4, no.1., p. 62-71
    The country’s systemic risk has become a fairly widely discussed topic since the global financial crisis of 2008. There is a growing interest among researchers in the development of an Early warning system that helps to assess the relationship between an independent variable for the current period and a dependent variable for a future period. Such models can be used to as early warning of the level of the country's systemic risk, and may help to take early actions to prevent or decrease the impact of systemic crisis. Evaluation of systemic risk is very complicated, as it is difficult to accurately predict the extent of the links between various institutions, and the possible spread and scale of the country's systemic risk. In addition, the country's systemic crisis is affected by many factors, many elements of the financial system. Financial derivatives are one of many elements of financial system, and the market of financial derivatives is huge compared to other financial instruments. The impact of financial derivatives to economies of various countries has been widely studied, however, the research on their impact to countries‘ early systemic risk remains under-researched. For this reason, assessment of the impact of derivative financial instruments on the early systemic risk is very relevant. Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is to assess the impact of financial derivatives on the country's early systemic risk in the Euro area region. Results. It is shown that correlation fluctuates between weak-strong level, when analyzing relationship between various factors of financial derivatives and early systemic risk in the Euro area. Results of linear regression analysis prove that the group of financial derivatives independent variables (interconnection, size, liquidity, complexity, stability, leverage) can be used to reliably estimate the dependent variable (early systemic risk). Logistic regression analysis also provides similar results to the linear regression analysis. Additionally, it is shown, that logistic regression is more suitable to analyze impact on early systemic risk. Analysis of impact of individual financial derivatives factors to early systemic risk demonstrate, that three financial derivatives factors – size, complexity, and leverage – may be the best predictors of an impending systemic crisis. Among these factors, the size factor has the largest impact on early systemic risk of the Euro area, and complexity factor shows improved statistical parameters, which indicates, that this parameter is more suitable to be used in early warning system models.
      4
  • research article
    Lex Portus : law scientific journal. Odesa : National University “Odessa Law Academy”. Department of Maritime and Customs Law, 2020, vol. 2, no. 22., p. 30-41
    The article examines the functioning of the modern customs regulatory environment for the EU Member States, which is composed of three levels of sources: international legal instruments, EU primary and secondary legislation and national legislation of individual Member States. However, the practical application of these provisions is related to conflicts between the sources of national and international law and even the different sources of international law itself. It should be noted that at the present time, individual states have not yet formed a unified approach on whether the WTO Agreements should have a direct effect in their national legal system, as most of the states are following the doctrine of dualism and deny this possibility, although the practices followed by the national courts of the Republic of Lithuania have shown the elements of a monistic approach to this problem. The increasing use of international preferential trade agreements and the prevalence of agreements, which establish the customs unions, could also be regarded as a challenge to the development of international economic law and international trade system. Moreover, analysis of the judicial practices of national courts (in the Republic of Lithuania) and the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union has confirmed that an explicit approach to the relationship existing between international, EU and national customs law has not yet materialized.
      3Scopus© SNIP 0
  • research article
    Innovative marketing. Sumy : Business perspectives, 2020, vol. 16, iss. 1., p. 11-18
    Lithuanian government attempts to create equal opportunities for children who are brought up in different economic, social, and cultural conditions. The income of the majority of Lithuanian citizens still falls behind the European average. This study aims to examine the effect of household income on the choice of non-formal education activity of children and the costs of participation in sports. A questionnaire survey was public used on a website. Vilnius households (Ʃ = 136) were those whose 3-7 years old children were enrolled in non-formal sports activities. The survey aimed to find out the effect of household income on the selection of children’s non-formal sports education. Results showed that the importance level of a sports club, the sport, or activity selection criteria are more expressed in families with lower income. Survey revealed the annual (nine months) ten categories of expenses incurred by parents. The average parental costs for children’s sports activities per nine months amount to EUR 550, consisting of the membership fees and other costs. Parents tend to finance children’s non-formal education through sport irrespective of household income, i.e., parental predispositions towards their children’s participation in sports are much stronger compared to incurred expenses on sports activities.
      8Scopus© SNIP 0.545
  • Publication
    Contradictions and challenges to the creation of welfare states and their public governance
    [Pretrunas un problēmas labklājības valstu un to publiskās pārvaldības veidošanā]
    research article;
    Latvijas Zinātņu Akadēmijas vēstis. A daļa : Sociālās un humanitārās zinātnes. Riga : Latvian Academy of Sciences, 2019, t. 73, Nr. 4., p. 69-82
    In contemporary world, with the change of economic, social, political and cultural conditions, the expectations to the support or creation of welfare states are also changing. For the preservation or reinforcement of welfare states, elimination of the arising contradictions is necessary as well as positive, effective answers to the challenges raised to welfare states both in theoretic, ideological-value and practical sense. The aim of this article is to reveal and group the essential contradictions and challenges to welfare states and their public governance. This article is of a phenomenological, analytical-overview type. In chapter 1, the authors provide the notions of contradiction, challenge, welfare state, governance and public governance; chapter 2 analyses contradictions and challenges to public governance of welfare states in international, state and local levels; in chapter 3, the authors analyse the challenges to welfare states in the context of the changes of the 21st century.
  • research article; ;
    Problems and Perspectives in Management. Sumy : Business Perspectives, 2018, vol. 16, iss. 3., p. 189-196
    The paper presents a study, which describes the current governance model of the electricity sector in Lithuania. Electricity and energy production and distribution is highly regulated worldwide. This is also true in Lithuania, where the electricity sector is highly politically prominent, and policy is highly centralized. There are geopolitical concerns towards Russia, which is an important supplier of electricity, and Lithuania’s grid is highly integrated with that of Russia. In addition, Lithuania is a small country dominated by a small number of large state-owned producers and has no regional administrations. Lithuania rhetorically has adopted increased citizen participation as a strategic policy goal. The study investigates how far the rhetorics are followed up by policy planning, implementation, and development of new governance modes. The authors base the study on interviews with 19 experts and regulation analysis. The study found that regulation process is transparent, but this causes lower public interest and consequently lower citizen participation. Existing stakeholder involvement at the policy level is highly arbitrary and favorable to large electricity producers. As production is set to decentralize, this has the potential to overburden the regulatory system and cause conflict between different producers.
    Scopus© SNIP 0.354
  • research article;
    Gasparėnienė, Ligita
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    Journal of Islamic banking and finance. American Research institute, 2016, vol. 4, no. 2., p. 38-47
    Due to extremely high degree of responsibilities, bank activities have to be by far the most transparent in comparison to other enterprises or finance institutions since any participant of the finance market may become a bank customer. Considering this reason, activities of commercial banks have to be supervised by particular authorities. What is more, requirements for banking activities must be clearly defined; banks must be obliged to capture particular data and publically submit the required information, ensuring its transparency. This article is aimed at assessment of the transparency of information submitted to business enterprises by Lithuanian commercial banks. The results of the empirical research have revealed that the key problems related to commercial banking include bank activity supervision gaps and insufficiency of legal requirements. In addition, since, with reference to the experts’ opinion, reliance on commercial banks is, to the largest extent, determined by staff competence, service quality, quantity of submitted information and bank image, to ensure information transparency, commercial banks should focus on the submission of truthful and comprehensive information without concealment of any essential data.
  • research article;
    Mediterranean journal of social sciences. Rome : MCSER Publishing, 2015, Vol. 6, no. 6, S5 (December) (2015)., p. 402-409
    One of the biggest problems of the last decade is hardly defined economic activities, objects and subjects in cyber space. Through cyberspaces, such as social networking platforms, e-commerce, e-business systems or cyber computer games, real money circulates but in most cases these transactions are not accounted and do not generate the taxes to the state budget. For this reason, a deeper insight in the phenomenon of digital shadow economy is purposeful. The performed analysis of various scientific sources leads to the conclusion that the previous research on the topic of digital shadow economy is mostly limited with the studies in cybercriminal activities, e-fraud and the motives of the consumers to get involved in digital piracy. However, the complex scientific research in the field of digital shadow economy has not been performed, which determined the aim of this research – to systematize the scientific literature on digital shadow economy and perform the critical analysis of the researched phenomenon. The methods used in the research include systematic and comparative analysis of the scientific literature. The research has enabled to specify the concept of digital shadow economy, identify its forms and activity channels in digital black markets and define the differences between traditional and digital shadow economy.