Now showing 1 - 10 of 16
  • Publication
    Contradictions and challenges to the creation of welfare states and their public governance
    [Pretrunas un problēmas labklājības valstu un to publiskās pārvaldības veidošanā]
    research article;
    Latvijas Zinātņu Akadēmijas vēstis. A daļa : Sociālās un humanitārās zinātnes. Riga : Latvian Academy of Sciences, 2019, t. 73, Nr. 4., p. 69-82
    In contemporary world, with the change of economic, social, political and cultural conditions, the expectations to the support or creation of welfare states are also changing. For the preservation or reinforcement of welfare states, elimination of the arising contradictions is necessary as well as positive, effective answers to the challenges raised to welfare states both in theoretic, ideological-value and practical sense. The aim of this article is to reveal and group the essential contradictions and challenges to welfare states and their public governance. This article is of a phenomenological, analytical-overview type. In chapter 1, the authors provide the notions of contradiction, challenge, welfare state, governance and public governance; chapter 2 analyses contradictions and challenges to public governance of welfare states in international, state and local levels; in chapter 3, the authors analyse the challenges to welfare states in the context of the changes of the 21st century.
  • research article;
    Gonchar, Viktoriya
    Economics. Ecology. Socium., p. 35-44.
    In modern economic environment, obtaining financial stability in the long run is one of the conditions for competitive advantages. The condition for achieving stability is the improvement of the risk management program, which is based on a balanced system of formation and use of available resources. Aim and tasks. The aim of this paper is to explore the trends of risk management of modern investors in the selection of objects for placement of capital and formation a strategy of marketing management for the diversified businesses. The tasks of the paper are to research the theoretical aspects of risk management and planning; to analyze the risk management on the diversified companies; to develop solutions to improve the system of marketing management on the diversified companies in the context of risk management. Results. Investment marketing activities are one of the main ways to develop and increase the competitiveness of the economy and the individual companies operating in it. Marketing activities allow you to attract investments that support the implementation of the company's development strategy, increase its assets, develop innovative products, enter promising markets, ensure development in a highly competitive environment and stimulate the company's capitalization in the future. The dynamic growth of a diversified company is largely possible through diversification of investment capital and raising investment funds through the placement of shares in the financial market. An increase in the investment efficiency of a diversified company is possible only if there is a system of control over the economic activities of its individual business lines, otherwise it is highly likely that irrational investment decisions will be made and investment capital eroded due to the lack of proper control over its planning, placement and subsequent management. Conclusions. Modern diversified enterprises have to show investors that firms are in the sphere of financial management. This will help with the main risk of diversification – undervaluing by fund market. Modern conglomerates on the one hand should be present in the most popular industries among investors like technologies or bioengineering but on the other hand they have to concentrate its activity on the principles of private equity or leveraged buyout firms. It means that firms have to actively use loan capital after the recession and use their equity as more conservative as possible. It will allow getting financial results as good as private equity funds but for the public conglomerates it will allow to keep present investors and to attract new ones with conservative strategy.
  • research article; ;
    Problems and Perspectives in Management. Sumy : Business Perspectives, 2018, vol. 16, iss. 3., p. 189-196
    The paper presents a study, which describes the current governance model of the electricity sector in Lithuania. Electricity and energy production and distribution is highly regulated worldwide. This is also true in Lithuania, where the electricity sector is highly politically prominent, and policy is highly centralized. There are geopolitical concerns towards Russia, which is an important supplier of electricity, and Lithuania’s grid is highly integrated with that of Russia. In addition, Lithuania is a small country dominated by a small number of large state-owned producers and has no regional administrations. Lithuania rhetorically has adopted increased citizen participation as a strategic policy goal. The study investigates how far the rhetorics are followed up by policy planning, implementation, and development of new governance modes. The authors base the study on interviews with 19 experts and regulation analysis. The study found that regulation process is transparent, but this causes lower public interest and consequently lower citizen participation. Existing stakeholder involvement at the policy level is highly arbitrary and favorable to large electricity producers. As production is set to decentralize, this has the potential to overburden the regulatory system and cause conflict between different producers.
    Scopus© SNIP 0.354
  • research article;
    Gasparėnienė, Ligita
    Journal of Islamic banking and finance. American Research institute, 2016, vol. 4, no. 2., p. 38-47
    Due to extremely high degree of responsibilities, bank activities have to be by far the most transparent in comparison to other enterprises or finance institutions since any participant of the finance market may become a bank customer. Considering this reason, activities of commercial banks have to be supervised by particular authorities. What is more, requirements for banking activities must be clearly defined; banks must be obliged to capture particular data and publically submit the required information, ensuring its transparency. This article is aimed at assessment of the transparency of information submitted to business enterprises by Lithuanian commercial banks. The results of the empirical research have revealed that the key problems related to commercial banking include bank activity supervision gaps and insufficiency of legal requirements. In addition, since, with reference to the experts’ opinion, reliance on commercial banks is, to the largest extent, determined by staff competence, service quality, quantity of submitted information and bank image, to ensure information transparency, commercial banks should focus on the submission of truthful and comprehensive information without concealment of any essential data.
  • research article;
    Mediterranean journal of social sciences. Rome : MCSER Publishing, 2015, Vol. 6, no. 6, S5 (December) (2015)., p. 402-409
    One of the biggest problems of the last decade is hardly defined economic activities, objects and subjects in cyber space. Through cyberspaces, such as social networking platforms, e-commerce, e-business systems or cyber computer games, real money circulates but in most cases these transactions are not accounted and do not generate the taxes to the state budget. For this reason, a deeper insight in the phenomenon of digital shadow economy is purposeful. The performed analysis of various scientific sources leads to the conclusion that the previous research on the topic of digital shadow economy is mostly limited with the studies in cybercriminal activities, e-fraud and the motives of the consumers to get involved in digital piracy. However, the complex scientific research in the field of digital shadow economy has not been performed, which determined the aim of this research – to systematize the scientific literature on digital shadow economy and perform the critical analysis of the researched phenomenon. The methods used in the research include systematic and comparative analysis of the scientific literature. The research has enabled to specify the concept of digital shadow economy, identify its forms and activity channels in digital black markets and define the differences between traditional and digital shadow economy.
  • research article
    Journal of psychology and behavioral science. [New York] : American Research Institute for Policy Development, 2015, vol. 3, no. 1., p. 50-60
    Therefore, regarding the suicides with help, the opinion that a person who chooses death can reflect on his situation constructively, and he is still capable to experience positive emotions, is not evidence – based. Nonetheless, supplementary research is needed to explore further the different factors contributing to unwillingness to live which is a sign of diminished psychological wellbeing.
  • research article;
    Mediterranean journal of social sciences. Rome : MCSER Publishing, 2014, vol. 5, no. 27, (December)., p. 1735-1740
    Since EU automobile industry has not completely recovered after the recent financial crisis, it is purposeful to identify what factors could have determined the recession of the EU automobile industry. The article is aimed at the evaluation of the factors that influence the automobile industry in the EU during the period of financial crisis. The methods of the research include correlation analysis and multifaceted regression analysis. The research has enabled to establish the impact of macroeconomic factors on the EU automobile production whereas the factors that influence the EU automobile demand have been researched only partly due to non-stationarity of the statistical data. Although the data was differentiated to make it stationary, the differentiation too significantly changed data values and correlation coefficients to make reliable conclusions. For the comprehensive analysis, the Vector Error Correlation Model (VECM) should be applied.
  • research article
    International journal of philosophy and theology. New York : American Research Institute for Policy Development, 2014, vol. 2, no. 2., p. 23-32
    The paper analyzes the awareness of the power of language in mythical culture relating pre-theoretical to theoretical thinking. Emphasis on the power of word in a myth and its identification with the essence of thing give prominence to the usage of names. The word is understood as the tool of creation and the element giving birth to the world and its order. Language for the ancient man provides both the cognitive basis and the examples of practical behavior. This paper makes the assumption that the inherent belief of the pre-theoretical thinking in the exclusive power of language to represent things determined the insight into the language as the tool for revealing the essence of world in theoretical thinking. The creative power of language became the starting point for the philosophical analysis of the relation between things and names. Philosophical thought while transforming the belief inherent to pre-theoretical thinking in exceptional powers of language into the theoretical analysis of the suitability of language for knowing, raised the problem of the relationship between the world of things and the world of language which is analyzed in philosophical theories from Plato to Wittgenstein, Popper or Feyerabend.
  • research article
    Journal of global peace and conflict. [Monticello] : American Research Institute for Policy Development, 2014, vol. 2, no. 1., p. 53-83
    The research object of the paper is the NATO’s “Southern Wing” contribution to the security policy in the Mediterranean Sea area during and after the Cold War period of time. The research countries taken into consideration are Turkey, Greece and Italy. A crucial aim of the article is to investigate a role and contribution of these countries to a broader security framework of the NATO pact in the Mediterranean Sea area. An additional aim of the paper is to present potential challenges for the future security question within both the NATO and the Mediterranean Sea area. In order to realize our task we used a relevant research results presented in the scientific literature including the sources dealing with the question of the security issue in the Mediterranean Sea area from different points of view.
  • research article;
    International journal of philosophy and theology. New York : American Research Institute for Policy Development, 2014, vol. 2, no. 2., p. 185-201
    In this paper, we circumscribe Alasdair MacIntyre’s notion of human flourishing as presented from After Virtue onwards. By reformulating the Aristotelian-Thomist tradition in modern terms, MacIntyre introduces such notions as practice, narrative unity of human life, and tradition. Later he supplements these ideas by accounting for human dependency and practical reasoning. The paper articulates these aspects of MacIntyre’s understanding of human flourishing and demonstrate how they challenge several (post)modern conceptions regarding the self, morality, and politics. It is argued that MacIntyre’s account of human flourishing consists of people becoming independent practical reasoners, able to use their rational powers for the pursuit of a meaningful life.