Database.use.hdl: https://cris.mruni.eu/cris/handle/007/21382
Now showing 1 - 10 of 20
  • research article
    Li, Lijun
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    Serido, Joyce
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    Sorgente, Angela
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    Lep, Žan
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    Zhang, Yue
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    Fonseca, Gabriela
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    Crespo, Carla
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    Relvas, Ana Paula
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    Zupančič, Maja
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    Lanz, Margherita
    Journal of Happiness Studies. Dordrecht : Springer, 2023, 00, 00., p. 1-4
    Young adulthood (18-30 years old) is a crucial period due to its developmental tasks such as career establishment and financial independence. However, young adults’ relative lack of resources makes them vulnerable to employment disruptions (job loss and income loss), which may have both immediate and long-term effects on their financial wellbeing and mental health. The economic impact of COVID-19 restrictions resulted in an increase in unemployment and a decrease in income worldwide, especially for young adults. This study examined to what extent and how job loss and income loss due to the pandemic influenced young adults’ perception of their present financial wellbeing, future financial wellbeing, and psychological wellbeing by using cross-sectional survey data collected from six countries (China, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Slovenia, and the United States). Results showed that the impact of income loss and job loss on all three types of wellbeing were mediated by young adults’ negative perception of the COVID-19 lockdown restriction (i.e., perceived as a misfortune). Cross-country differences existed in the key variables. The association between employment disruptions, young adults’ perception of the COVID-19 lockdown restriction, and wellbeing were equivalent across countries except China. Implications for policy and practice are discussed.
      9WOS© IF 4.6WOS© AIF 3.4Scopus© SNIP 2.296
  • research article
    Zhao, Wenwu
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    Yin, Caichun
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    Hua, Ting
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    Meadows, Michael E.
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    Li, Yan
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    Liu, Yanxu
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    Cherubini, Francesco
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    Fu, Bojie
    Humanities and Social Sciences Communications. London : Springer Nature, 2022, vol. 9, iss. 1, ARTN 258., p. 1821-1840
    The COVID-19 pandemic continues to pose substantial challenges to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Exploring systematic SDG strategies is urgently needed to aid recovery from the pandemic and reinvigorate global SDG actions. Based on available data and comprehensive analysis of the literature, this paper highlights ongoing challenges facing the SDGs, identifies the effects of COVID-19 on SDG progress, and proposes a systematic framework for promoting the achievement of SDGs in the post-pandemic era. Progress towards attaining the SDGs was already lagging behind even before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Inequitable distribution of food–energy–water resources and environmental crises clearly threaten SDG implementation. Evidently, there are gaps between the vision for SDG realization and actual capacity that constrain national efforts. The turbulent geopolitical environment, spatial inequities, and trade-offs limit the effectiveness of SDG implementation. The global public health crisis and socio-economic downturn under COVID-19 have further impeded progress toward attaining the SDGs. Not only has the pandemic delayed SDG advancement in general, but it has also amplified spatial imbalances in achieving progress, undermined connectivity, and accentuated anti-globalization sentiment under lockdowns and geopolitical conflicts. Nevertheless, positive developments in technology and improvement in environmental conditions have also occurred. In reflecting on the overall situation globally, it is recommended that post-pandemic SDG actions adopt a “Classification–Coordination–Collaboration” framework. Classification facilitates both identification of the current development status and the urgency of SDG achievement aligned with national conditions. Coordination promotes domestic/international and inter-departmental synergy for short-term recovery as well as long-term development. Cooperation is key to strengthening economic exchanges, promoting technological innovation, and building a global culture of sustainable development that is essential if the endeavor of achieving the SDGs is to be successful. Systematic actions are urgently needed to get the SDG process back on track.
    WOS© IF 3.5WOS© AIF 1.9Scopus© SNIP 1.62
  • research article; ;
    International journal of criminology and sociology, p. 172-181
    The article aims to explore the external and internal factors influencing the activities of NGOs, in Lithuania. A qualitative empirical study was conducted (10 expert surveys) on this issue, what are the factors that help and hinder the activities of NGOs in Lithuania. The study allowed us to identify groups of factors positively influencing the activities of NGOs: human skills; infrastructure, as well as the organisation's relationship with public authorities, the hindering factors were also identified: the application of contracting authority status to NGOs; "activities in the public interest" interpretation; peculiarities of taxation of non-profit organizations; etc. The most relevant groups of NGO activity problems and related legal acts were distinguished: application of the contracting authority status to NGOs (Law on Public Procurement of the Republic of Lithuania); Interpretation of “activities in the public interest” (STI material. Peculiarities of taxation of non-profit organizations; etc. legislation); application of corporate income tax to non-profit organizations (Law on Corporate Income Tax of the Republic of Lithuania).
      2
  • research article;
    Nastyuk, Vasyl
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    Shapoval, Roman
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    Drozd, Oleksii
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    Solntseva, Khrystyna
    Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues. [London] : Allied Business Academies, 2022, vol. 25, iss. 3., p. 1-8
    The article is devoted to the analysis of modern interpretation of the concept of «plagiarism» in the area of doctrinal achievements and scientific activities. The purpose of the study is to determine the features of proper implementation of personal non-property and property rights of authors through various systems of «Anti-plagiarism». The general tools and measures of responsibility for violation of personal non-property and property rights of the authors and inventors are investigated. The proposals for innovations of expert research in the area of property protection are offered. The critical analysis of the provisions of current legislation in Lithuania on this issue is provided. The main aspects of administrative and legal protection of copyright and related rights in Ukraine were highlighted. The need to introduce the institution of authorship examinations by the National Repository and to strengthen administrative liability for copyright infringements is proved.
  • Publication
    Contradictions and challenges to the creation of welfare states and their public governance
    [Pretrunas un problēmas labklājības valstu un to publiskās pārvaldības veidošanā]
    research article;
    Latvijas Zinātņu Akadēmijas vēstis. A daļa : Sociālās un humanitārās zinātnes. Riga : Latvian Academy of Sciences, 2019, t. 73, Nr. 4., p. 69-82
    In contemporary world, with the change of economic, social, political and cultural conditions, the expectations to the support or creation of welfare states are also changing. For the preservation or reinforcement of welfare states, elimination of the arising contradictions is necessary as well as positive, effective answers to the challenges raised to welfare states both in theoretic, ideological-value and practical sense. The aim of this article is to reveal and group the essential contradictions and challenges to welfare states and their public governance. This article is of a phenomenological, analytical-overview type. In chapter 1, the authors provide the notions of contradiction, challenge, welfare state, governance and public governance; chapter 2 analyses contradictions and challenges to public governance of welfare states in international, state and local levels; in chapter 3, the authors analyse the challenges to welfare states in the context of the changes of the 21st century.
  • research article; ;
    Problems and Perspectives in Management. Sumy : Business Perspectives, 2018, vol. 16, iss. 3., p. 189-196
    The paper presents a study, which describes the current governance model of the electricity sector in Lithuania. Electricity and energy production and distribution is highly regulated worldwide. This is also true in Lithuania, where the electricity sector is highly politically prominent, and policy is highly centralized. There are geopolitical concerns towards Russia, which is an important supplier of electricity, and Lithuania’s grid is highly integrated with that of Russia. In addition, Lithuania is a small country dominated by a small number of large state-owned producers and has no regional administrations. Lithuania rhetorically has adopted increased citizen participation as a strategic policy goal. The study investigates how far the rhetorics are followed up by policy planning, implementation, and development of new governance modes. The authors base the study on interviews with 19 experts and regulation analysis. The study found that regulation process is transparent, but this causes lower public interest and consequently lower citizen participation. Existing stakeholder involvement at the policy level is highly arbitrary and favorable to large electricity producers. As production is set to decentralize, this has the potential to overburden the regulatory system and cause conflict between different producers.
    Scopus© SNIP 0.354
  • research article;
    Gasparėnienė, Ligita
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    Journal of Islamic banking and finance. American Research institute, 2016, vol. 4, no. 2., p. 38-47
    Due to extremely high degree of responsibilities, bank activities have to be by far the most transparent in comparison to other enterprises or finance institutions since any participant of the finance market may become a bank customer. Considering this reason, activities of commercial banks have to be supervised by particular authorities. What is more, requirements for banking activities must be clearly defined; banks must be obliged to capture particular data and publically submit the required information, ensuring its transparency. This article is aimed at assessment of the transparency of information submitted to business enterprises by Lithuanian commercial banks. The results of the empirical research have revealed that the key problems related to commercial banking include bank activity supervision gaps and insufficiency of legal requirements. In addition, since, with reference to the experts’ opinion, reliance on commercial banks is, to the largest extent, determined by staff competence, service quality, quantity of submitted information and bank image, to ensure information transparency, commercial banks should focus on the submission of truthful and comprehensive information without concealment of any essential data.
  • research article;
    Mediterranean journal of social sciences. Rome : MCSER Publishing, 2015, Vol. 6, no. 6, S5 (December) (2015)., p. 402-409
    One of the biggest problems of the last decade is hardly defined economic activities, objects and subjects in cyber space. Through cyberspaces, such as social networking platforms, e-commerce, e-business systems or cyber computer games, real money circulates but in most cases these transactions are not accounted and do not generate the taxes to the state budget. For this reason, a deeper insight in the phenomenon of digital shadow economy is purposeful. The performed analysis of various scientific sources leads to the conclusion that the previous research on the topic of digital shadow economy is mostly limited with the studies in cybercriminal activities, e-fraud and the motives of the consumers to get involved in digital piracy. However, the complex scientific research in the field of digital shadow economy has not been performed, which determined the aim of this research – to systematize the scientific literature on digital shadow economy and perform the critical analysis of the researched phenomenon. The methods used in the research include systematic and comparative analysis of the scientific literature. The research has enabled to specify the concept of digital shadow economy, identify its forms and activity channels in digital black markets and define the differences between traditional and digital shadow economy.
  • research article
    Journal of psychology and behavioral science. [New York] : American Research Institute for Policy Development, 2015, vol. 3, no. 1., p. 50-60
    Therefore, regarding the suicides with help, the opinion that a person who chooses death can reflect on his situation constructively, and he is still capable to experience positive emotions, is not evidence – based. Nonetheless, supplementary research is needed to explore further the different factors contributing to unwillingness to live which is a sign of diminished psychological wellbeing.
  • research article;
    Mediterranean journal of social sciences. Rome : MCSER Publishing, 2014, vol. 5, no. 27, (December)., p. 1735-1740
    Since EU automobile industry has not completely recovered after the recent financial crisis, it is purposeful to identify what factors could have determined the recession of the EU automobile industry. The article is aimed at the evaluation of the factors that influence the automobile industry in the EU during the period of financial crisis. The methods of the research include correlation analysis and multifaceted regression analysis. The research has enabled to establish the impact of macroeconomic factors on the EU automobile production whereas the factors that influence the EU automobile demand have been researched only partly due to non-stationarity of the statistical data. Although the data was differentiated to make it stationary, the differentiation too significantly changed data values and correlation coefficients to make reliable conclusions. For the comprehensive analysis, the Vector Error Correlation Model (VECM) should be applied.