Genamics Journal Seek
Genamics Journal Seek
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Internal Migration of Workers in the European Union: Legal Aspects of Lithuania‘s Experience in Transposing the Posting if Workers DirectivePublicationFreedom to provide services and free movement of workers are linked to the processes of permanent intra-EU migration, which are regulated, inter alia, by the national legislation implementing PWD. Consequently, the posting of workers within EU is not only part of the work organization process, but also part of a wider phenomenon of internal migration of workers. Accordingly, posted workers are to be considered as internal labour migrants. The regulation of the posting of workers must consider the legitimate interest of Member States in protecting their markets from social dumping as well as ensure minimum guarantees for posted workers. These circumstances presuppose changes in the regulation of the posting of workers. This article identifies four stages in the transposition of PWD into Lithuanian national law that are causally related to changes in European legislation and Lithuanian labour law reform as of 2017. It presents the legal assessment of national legal regulation and case law, identifying the related legal problems. The article pays special attention to the legal regulation of the remuneration of a posted worker, established by PWD (Directive 96/71/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on 16 December 1996 concerning the posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services (Official Journal (EU), 2004, no. L 18) [Directive 96/71/EC], with the amendments introduced by Directive 2014/67/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council from 15 May 2014 on the enforcement of Directive 96/71/EC concerning the posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services and amending Revision 4 of the EU Posting of Workers Directive Regulation (EU) No 1024/2012 on administrative cooperation through the Internal Market Information System (‘the IMI Regulation’) (Official Journal (EU), 2014, no. L 159) [Directive 2014/67/EU] and Directive 2018/957/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on June 2018 amending Directive 96/71/EC concerning the posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services (Official Journal (EU), 2018, no. L 173) [Directive 2018/957/EU]). It also explains the impact on the regulation of employment relations for posted workers in Lithuania stemming from Directive 2019/1152 on transparent and predictable working conditions in the EU. Scopus© SNIP 0.277
- The article aims to propose a different approach to assessing smart cities which combines some commonly used indicators with several new ones in line with the concept of sustainability. The aspect of sustainable development as an essential driver for the smart city and the combination of indicators for sustainable and smart city concepts have been analysed fragmentarily so far. There are many different approaches to evaluate the indicators of city smartness; however, very little attention is paid to the analysis of the reciprocal importance of the indicators. Ten indicators representing a smart city were selected that would be keep in line all the three pillars of sustainability—environmental, social, and economic. An expert survey was conducted to assign the weights of indicators using the pairwise comparison approach. The results were processed by utilising the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (AHP), which reduces the subjectivity in the experts’ answers. The presented approach differs from the ones commonly used and while it does not cover a wide range of usual indicators, it proposes some new ideas for further research. Some represent cities to attract young and intelligent citizens, others relate to comfortable and safe living conditions and the environmental situation. The results revealed that the most vital smartness indicators are foreign direct investments, pollutant emission, and the share of people registered as unemployed among the working-age population. These indicators cannot be easily identified as ones representing a smart city, but rather as indicators representing investment and environmental, sustainable aspects. Hence, finding a balance between the indicators related to sustainable and smart city is what highlights the need for further research.
Hate Crimes: Evaluation of Lithuanian Courts’ Decisions in the Light of the Practice of the European Court of Human RightsPublicationIn this article, the authors analyse the practice of the Lithuanian national courts and the European Court of Human Rights in hate crime cases, provide insights into the synergy between the decisions made by these courts, and suggest further improvement actions. This research shows that proving the circumstances surrounding various forms of hatred is quite complex, often lacking a more comprehensive, in-depth definition of the totality of circumstances by taking account of the need for special knowledge, the identification of guilt, and the system and intensity of actions. There is often a divide between criminal liability and the possibility of other countermeasures, especially when examining cases related to hate speech. Court decisions draw attention to the fact that it is necessary to consider the totality of the data collected, not individual data or individual fragments of circumstances. Among other things, the decisions emphasize the ultima ratio principle: whether criminal liability is an adequate measure in cases of hate speech. The topical issues examined in the article draw attention to the collection of significant data and the organization of investigations of these crimes, issues relating to proof and the emerging practice of the European Court of Human Rights and the Supreme Court of the Republic of Lithuania in this category of cases, highlighting the two main problematic aspects: first, the determination of the totality of objective and subjective features and second, the fact of identifying a real threat. 4Scopus© SNIP 0.277 MCDM evaluation of asset-based road freight transport companies using key drivers that influence the enterprise valuePublicationresearch article ;Liachovičius, Edvardas ;Skrickij, ViktorSustainability: Decision support systems and multiple criteria decision making for sustainable development. Basel : MDPI, 2020, vol. 12, iss. 18, art. no. 7259., p. 1-17Business owners are trying to enhance company value by developing growth strategies. Besides, they need to know what supports and drives the attractiveness to potential investors. Previously to determine company value, only financial drivers were used. These are essential drivers; however, even they do not reflect the overall situation. This paper proposes a novel approach for the solution of the problem of business valuation by taking into account both financial and non-financial drivers and by using several MCDM (multiple criteria decision making) methods simultaneously both for establishing weights and for the evaluation itself. World-leading road freight transport companies were selected for a case study. MCDM methods were used for determining the weights of the drivers and comparing the listed companies. Key drivers were identified, and the ranking of companies is provided. WOS© IF 3.251WOS© AIF 4.78Scopus© SNIP 1.242
- The new communication paradigm supported by Information and Communication Technology (ICT) puts end-users at the center of innovation processes, thereby shifting the emphasis from technology to people. Citizen centric approaches such as New Public Governance and Open Government in the public management research suggest that government alone cannot be responsible for creating public value. Traditional approaches to public engagement and governmental reforms remain relevant, however our research is more interested in the ability of a networked society to resolve social problems for itself, i.e., without government intervention. In seeking to gain insights into bottom up co-creation processes, this paper aims to collect and generalize information on the international civic technology platforms by focusing on three dimensions: identification of the objectives (content), classification of main stakeholder groups (actors), and definition of co-creative methods (processes). In view of a paucity of research on Civic Technologies, the content analysis will extend the understanding of this growing field and allow us to identify the patterns in their development.
Scopus© SNIP 1.748 Lithuania: [legislation, cases, literature]Publication
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;European Tort Law 2014 / European Centre of Tort and Insurance Law, Institute for European Tort Law of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, University of Graze ; edited by Ernst Karner and Barbara C. Steininger. - (Europen Tort Law Yearbook). Berlin ; Boston : de Gruyter, 2015, vol. 4, iss. 1., p. 339-368
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;European Tort Law 2013 / European Centre of Tort and Insurance Law, Institute for European Tort Law of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and the University of Graz ; Ken Oliphant, Barbara C Steininger (eds). - (Europen Tort Law Yearbook). Berlin ; Boston : de Gruyter, 2014, vol. 3, iss. 1., p. 387-417
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;European Tort Law 2011 / European Centre of Tort and Insurance Law, Institute for European Tort Law of the Austrian Academy of Sciences ; Ken Oliphant, Barbara C Steininger (eds). - ( Europen Tort Law Yearbook). Berlin : de Gruyter, 2012, vol. 1, iss. 1., p. 386-419 ESP writing: weblogs or wikis?Publicationresearch articleEnglish for specific purposes world : online journal for teachers [Elektroninis išteklius]. [London] : International Association of Technical English Trainers, 2010, vol. 9, iss. 30., p. 1-5This paper aims at analyzing learners’ attitudes to weblogs and wikis which are common for communication in the networked world. The present investigation into application of wikis in English classes is compared with our previous research into weblogging. Current findings show that the experience of online writing for the audience provides an important opportunity for improving writing skills. Learners’ attitudes to weblogs and wikis are examined and a possible practical implication is indicated.