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- research articleThe International Journal of the Humanities: Annual Review. [Illinois] : Common Ground Research Networks, 2020, vol. 17, iss. 1., p. 15-21The present article provides a study of the justice-related perceptions in educational settings by examining conflict issues. It is based upon the assertion that conflict experience may provide key to understand how justice functions in the classroom. This study aims to investigate what issues of injustice arise during teacher-student conflicts. What teacher treatments do students find unfair? What student actions are perceived as unfair by the teacher? This study is based on narratives of Lithuanian students and teachers. Sixty-eight students and thirty-one teachers participated. Respondents were asked to remember a conflict they experienced and answer several questions of the survey. Respondents reported that they experienced interactional injustice more frequently than they experienced distributive or procedural injustice. Also, both teachers and students reported conflict situations where two or even three types of justice had been violated. In terms of classroom practice, findings suggest that to avoid destructive conflicts, teachers should be aware of students’ understanding of justice.
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- research articleMesonis, GediminasBaltic Journal of Law & Politics. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2020, vol. 13, iss. 2., p. 1-23The theoretical materiality of the principle of the separation of powers is beyond doubt. This principle is inevitable in discourse on the constitutional framework of the state, democracy and the rule of law, and it has its own form of expression in positive law. Although the relevance of the principle of the separation of powers in social discourse creates the illusion of the conceivability of its content, the ontological questions concerning this principle remain largely vague. This can be explained by considering two aspects. First, as established in scientific doctrines and constitutional forms of expression, the principle of the separation of powers has become a social and legal ideologeme; it approximates an axiom which is no longer substantiated anew. Second, discourse concerning ontology is always complicated, since it calls to question the essence itself. It is complicated not only because it requires a particular intellectual effort and academic courage, but also because the outcome of such discourse is unpredictable and can lead either to the ideologeme being confirmed to be true or being unexpectedly revised, or perhaps can even lead to the demise of what has so far been selfevident, unquestionable, obvious, universally known, etc. This article analyses the ontological essence of the principle of the separation of powers – an approach towards the human being, whereby meaning is given to the consequent system of causal relationships within the whole theory. Discourse in this article takes ontological issues as its object of inquiry: why did we decide to separate powers and how many of these separated powers are there?
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- Arbitration is a dispute settlement mechanism based on an agreement of the parties. Party autonomy to conclude an arbitration agreement is well established and recognized by the UNCITRAL Model Law on Arbitration and various national laws. However, party autonomy to conclude an arbitration agreement raises certain challenges for protection of human rights. One of them is how an arbitration agreement is compatible with Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which establishes the right to a fair trial before the state court. Conclusion of an arbitration agreement means that the parties waive their right to submit the dispute to the state court and instead create biding jurisdiction of arbitration court. This waiver of the right to a fair trial before the state court raises questions as to what extent the procedural guarantees of the right to a fair trial are applicable in arbitration court. What are the requirements for such a waiver of the right to a fair trial before the state courts?
Scopus© SNIP 0.321 Refleksijos metodų taikymas: mokytojų teisinio ugdymo patirtys Lietuvos bendrojo ugdymo mokyklosePublicationresearch article ;Valukonienė, RitaMokslo taikomieji tyrimai Lietuvos kolegijose. Kaunas : ŠMM, Kauno kolegija, 2016, t. 12., p. 68-75Straipsnyje pristatoma mokytojų, į ugdymo procesą integruojančių teisinį ugdymą refleksijos metodų taikymo patirtis. Tikslas: atskleisti mokytojų patirtį taikant refleksijos metodus, teisiniame ugdyme, bendrojo ugdymo mokyklose Marijampolės savivaldybėje. Tyrimo metodai: mokslinių, metodinių literatūros šaltinių analizė, dokumentų analizė bei bendrojo ugdymo mokyklų pedagogų anketinė apklausa. Tyrimu atskleista, kad mokytojai turi mažai žinių apie refleksijos metodus, nepakankamai dažnai juos taiko pamokose, dažniausiai renkasi išankstinio pasiruošimo nereikalaujančius žodinius refleksijos metodus, bei skiria juos po veiklos, naujai medžiagai apibendrinti, pakartoti, pagilinti. LithuaniaPublicationresearch article ;European Tort Law 2012 / European Centre of Tort and Insurance Law, Institute for European Tort Law of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and the University of Graz ; Ken Oliphant, Barbara C Steininger (eds). - (Europen Tort Law Yearbook). Berlin ; Boston : de Gruyter, 2013, vol. 2, iss. 1., p. 421-458 Inflammatory markers in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with different α1 antitrypsin genotypesPublicationresearch article ; ;Šitkauskienė, BrigitaSakalauskas, RaimundasArchives of medical science : AMS. Poznań : Termedia Publishing House, 2012, vol. 8, no. 6., p. 1053-1058Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been recently defined as a systemic pulmonary inflammatory disease, and congenital α1 antitrypsin deficiency is one of the well-established genetic risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate the possible associations of α1 antitrypsin with inflammatory markers – CRP, sCD14, TNF-α, sTNFR-1, and sTNFR-2 – in patients with COPD with different α1 antitrypsin genotypes. Material and methods: Serum biomarkers from patients (n = 355) with COPD, defined according to the GOLD criteria, were analyzed using commercial ELISA kits; α1 antitrypsin concentrations were determined by nephelometry, and α1 antitrypsin phenotyping was carried out by means of isoelectric focusing. Results: No significant differences in CRP, TNF-α, sTNFR-1, sTNFR-2, and sCD14 levels were found comparing COPD patients with different genotypes. In patients without α1 antitrypsin deficiency (PI*MM), a significant negative correlation between lung function (FEV1) and serum α1 antitrypsin (r = –0.522, p = 0.03) and CRP concentration (r = –0.590, p = 0.011) was detected. The level of α1 antitrypsin positively correlated with: a) CRP concentration (r = 0.671, p = 0.005), b) sCD14 (r = 0.510, p = 0.008) and c) sTNFR-1 (r = 0.567, p = 0.007). Conclusions: In patients without α1 antitrypsin deficiency, the positive association of α1 antitrypsin concentration with CRP, sCD14, and sTNFR-1 and the negative association with FEV1 show the importance of α1 antitrypsin as a marker of systemic inflammation. WOS© IF 1.067WOS© AIF 3.934Scopus© SNIP 0.51