European Reference Index for the Humanities
European Reference Index for the Humanities
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- research articleContemporary research on organization management and administration (CROMA Journal). Vilnius : Akademinė vadybos ir administravimo asociacija (AVADA), 2017, vol. 5, iss. 1., p. 33-43Purpose. HRM in uniformed services is researched significantly less than in the civil service which in turn is under researched in comparison to businesses. Recent studies of public employment (e.g. Demmke & Moilanen, 2012) show that due to variety of factors public employment is becoming less attractive in the labour market. However, there is little data that this is the case in the uniformed services in particular. This study aims to evaluate career development experiences of military and statutory servicemembers in Lithuania to collect and interpret data about their understanding of management of the career development and career perspectives both within their services and the broader labor market. Design/methodology/approach. The purpose of this study was to analyze career development mechanisms in the uniformed services (statutory and military services), by identifying advantages, disadvantages of career development systems in the context of emerging challenges to these services, identify connections between successful career development and the sense of social security among servicemembers. The career development analysis was based on 3 career development stages regulated by both statutory and military regulations. 16 experts – all servicemembers were interviewed for the purposes of this study. Based on the interview analysis of how the career development is applied in the respective services a set of comparative criteria were developed to expand the three stages in the initial regulation overview. Findings. Research data showed that two distinct uniformed services in Lithuania are coping very differently with the challenges. This study revealed several important weaknesses of career development mechanism as they are applied in Lithuanian statutory service: lack of sense of social security by servicemembers, insufficient initial training, no clear objective setting mechanisms. In military service lack of information about career opportunities and competition among members for access to qualification courses were found to be important issues. However, the military service career development was found to be more advanced and successful than that of statutory service. So fundamental conclusion of this study is that the military service achieves better outcomes through means of career development than statutory service. Research limitations/implications. Two main groups of factors (internal and external) affect career development process. This research aimed to view the career development through the career outcomes from the perspective of service members themselves. That is why a qualitative research method was chosen as a pilot research on challenges. Qualitative research (interview) was used to find similarities, differences, advantages and disadvantages of career development mechanisms in statutory and military services. Experts’ answers to questions on the issues of career development systems advantages and disadvantages of the stages were not sufficiently detailed, so it is hard categorized and did not reveal detailed insights and connections. This disadvantage can be regarded as a restriction on the study, which will be addressed in further studies with other empirical research instruments. However, the survey data were sufficient to distinguish the basic problems of career development in statutory and military services, clearly identified a link between a successful career development and sense of social security. A key implication that we see is that the military service career development instruments are far advanced as opposed to other uniformed services and does demonstrate the benefits of explicit creating career development mechanisms. Practical implications. Comparative analysis of career development mechanisms of the statutory and military services identifies the essential advantages and disadvantages of these systems. For a greater sense of social security, military service has achieved more than other services. Therefore, based on the results of the study suggest that social protection directly determines the success of the career development process, its protection may help to improve the career management system, especially in the statutory service. Originality/Value. There is the lack of research dealing with the career development process specifically in the uniformed services. While career development in terms of legal regulation in statutory and military services justify very similar, in practice, these processes are treated as separate, unlinked elements. This means that best-practices have low chances of being transferred within the public service as whole. As more and more institutions move towards creating career development mechanisms we see a need for more evidence on what predicates success of these mechanisms. That's why such a comparison of two similar councils in terms of career development can help to identify not only individual strengths and weaknesses, but also help in finding solutions to the identified problems, drawing as best practices from each other.
4 Management of conflict of interest in the public sector in Lithuania: theory and practicePublicationresearch article ;Juškys, AndriusContemporary research on organization management and administration (CROMA Journal). Vilnius : Akademinė vadybos ir administravimo asociacija (AVADA), 2017, vol. 5, iss. 1., p. 6-21Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse the nature and the concept of conflict of interest, legal and ethical issues of its management in the public sector in Lithuania. Design/methodology/approach – The paper presents an overview of selected scientific literature and legal acts on the concept of conflict of interest in the public sector in Lithuania and peculiarities of its management. The analysis also focuses on the Chief Official Ethics Commission’s role managing conflicts of interest, so for this reason statistical data analys is of the COEC activities is presented separately. Findings– The analysis has shown that as one of the major anticorruption institution in Lithuania the Chief Official Ethics Commission supervises transparency of civil service activities and decisions, implements measures on the prevention of breaches of institutional ethics. The growing number of claims and notifications received by the OEC not only shows the growing trust in this institution, but also limits the proper implementation of its mission. For this reason the COEC shall concentrate more on preventive measures, which in the future may have positive ffect not only on reducing the number of violations of the Law on the Adjustment of Public and Private Interests in the Civil service the Code of Conduct for State Politicians or any other legal act regulating the norms of official ethics, but also insubstantial complaints. Research limitations/implications –This research paper is the introductory part of the broader research performed by the authors on the management of conflict of interest in the public sector in Lithuania. The authors will provide a more detailed conflict of interest management analysis and not discussed legal and ethical aspects in their future scientific articles. Practical implications –The findings will contribute to the better nderstanding of the concept of the management of conflict of interest and Chief Official Ethics Commission’s role regulating conflicts of interest in the civil service in Lithuania. Originality/Valuhe research paper is the first paper in Lithuania investigating legal and ethical issues of the anagement of conflict of interest in the public sector in Lithuania and Chief Official Ethics Commission’s role egulating conflicts of interest in the civil service in Lithuania. 16 Characteristics of labor division and work design in a public sector: the case of Vilnius district municipalityPublicationresearch article ;Šakevičienė, JaninaContemporary research on organization management and administration (CROMA Journal). Vilnius : Akademinė vadybos ir administravimo asociacija (AVADA), 2017, vol. 5, iss. 1., p. 44-56Purpose – The main purpose of the research – to analyze the content of labor organization by the theoretical aspect. Design/methodology/approach – The analysis method and questionnaire were used in the research. Findings – Based on analyzed scientific literature the content of labor organizing and its constituent elements are summarized. Labor division principles and their meanings are presented. Measures, which should help to organize the personnel’s work both in public and in private sector are discussed. Research limitations/implications – Carrying out the research, there has been a lack of systematic scientific literature as most authors analyze only particular elements of labor organization. Practical implications – Summarized scientific literature could be useful for leaders in organizing the personnel’s work. It could also help to comprehend better the content of labor organizing and the meaning of labor division. Originality/Value – The issue of labor organization is constantly relevant because in the development of science and technology organizational measures and methods must be developed and changed as well. Organizations, striving for better work results, should pay special attention to the elements and measures of labor organization. The conducted research will help to understand the area/field of work organization better and select the most appropriate ways of labor division. The authors, after summarizing the theoretical facts and data of the research, conducted in the municipality of Vilnius district, at the end of the article present conclusions3. 1
- Contemporary Research on Organization Management and Administration 2016 , 4 (1) ISSN (online) 2335 - 7959 57 Lina Sveklaitė 1 Aušra Šilinskytė 2 FORMS OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN THE CONTEXT OF SMART SOCIETY Abstract Purpose – according to literature review to point out forms and main principles of effective public participation in the context of smart society. Design – in this research, theoretical methods are applied. Article consists of three main parts: in the first part, the concepts of public governance and smart society are presented; the second part includes analysis of public participation forms and engagement of citizens and other interest groups; in the third part, the main aspects of effective public participation i n the context of smart society are presented. Finding – according to the literature, effective public participation is not only when citizens and their interest groups (e.g. NGOs) have opportunity for participation and are involved by official bodies, but also when they have resources and skills to participate. Also, when citizens and NGOs see evidence that their views have been considered, they are motivated to participate, that is why sometimes non - formal cooperation and feedback are of the same importan ce to their participation activity, as the chosen forms of their involvement and legal environment. According to analysed principles of smart society (lifelong learning, collaboration, effectiveness, participation, citizenship, technologies usage, etc.), f orms of public participation should be oriented to e - tools and the principles of open data governance. So, one of the goals of public governance bodies should be to strengthen mutual cooperation and to empower citizens and their interest groups, forming th eir abilities to participate through digital technologies (such as social media, interactive websites and others).Practical implications – a smart society is a new area for the scientific research. The identified principles of an effective public participation in the context of smart society can be followed by the public gover nance bodies to create a friendly environment to improve resources and skills of citizens or their interest groups in participating in the procedures of public governance. Originality/Value – in scientific literature, authors usually emphasize the role of citizens and NGOs in the context of co - production. Meanwhile, the principles of effective participation in co - creation or co - governance are described obscurely, only defying main ideas of their participation in public governance. In this article, public pa rticipation is analysed in the context of smart society, seeking to identify principles of effective empowerment of citizens and their interest groups.
1 Methodological aspects of the application of etnographic strategy in the context of implementing the new public governancePublicationPurpose – In the article the authors are trying to examine the customization of issues of ethnographic strategy elements as well as rising management and administration research challenges. The aim is to demonstrate how qualitative research based on ethnographic s trategy could contribute to the application of the New Public Governance model implementation. Design/methodology/approach – The paper is based on literature analysis of public administration modernization and ethnographic strategy. The synthesis and comp arison analysis are applied to this paper. Findings – It is noted that the application of ethnographic strategy could help to identify a range of public policy issues in those segments of the society that do not fall into the public classifications and cl assification systems based on quantitative research to identify incompleteness of laws, policies and various provisions, which as a result negatively affect such factors as human rights and social justice. The application of ethnographic strategy would als o be relevant in solving problems associated with non - governmental organizations and citizens' participation in the New Public Governance model, by revealing the potential intentional dysfunctions associated with formal rather than real involvement of inte rested parties in the effectiveness of these public politics implementation, when they are not really influenced in decision - making processes. Practical implications – The application of mixed ethnographic strategy elements in the public administration st udies would provide an opportunity to improve a number of public organization processes such as organizational culture, control, motivation, management of change, assurance of responsibility, career planning, providing of public services, internal and exte rnal communication, formation of strategies and programs and decision - making as well as its implementation by obtaining direct information from the field of investigation, i.e. from organization`s inside, through identifying the existing and not declarabl e (normative) overall organization`s situation. Originality/Value – This paper expands ethnographic strategy to the field of public administration modernization.