CSA Social Services Abstracts
CSA Social Services Abstracts
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Linking Holistic Pathways to Adult Roles With Resolution of Tasks and Features of Emerging Adulthood: A Person-Oriented ApproachPublicationresearch articleEmerging adulthood. [S.l.] : SAGE publications, 2021, vol. 9, iss. 1., p. 35-52Exploration of emerging adulthood experiences in different cultural settings is considered a central challenge for this area of research. Another concern surrounds the significance of role transitions for the process of becoming an adult. To address the previous, this study investigates the heterogeneity of pathways to adult roles and resolution of tasks and features outlined in the emerging adulthood theory, and the associations between the two, in a sample (N=489; 49.3% women, Mage=24.98, SDage=0.78) of Lithuanian emerging adults. Participants were interviewed with the Life History Calendar and filled a questionnaire, targeting tasks and features of emerging adulthood. Six pathways and three profiles were identified and both were found to be meaningfully associated. Collectively, results show that becoming an adult, in this cultural setting, is best viewed as diverse regarding transitions to adult roles and subjective experiences, and that pathways that emerging adults follow can significantly shape experiences of this period. Scopus© SNIP 1.49 A Cross-National Study of COVID-19 Impact and Future Possibilities Among Emerging Adults: The Mediating Role of Intolerance of UncertaintyPublicationresearch article ;Lanz, Margherita ;Sorgente, Angela ; ;Fonseca, Gabriela ;Lep, Žan ;Li, Lijun ;Maja, Zupančič ;Crespo, Carla ;Relvas, Ana PaulaSerido, JoyceEmerging adulthood. Thousand Oaks : SAGE publications, 2021, vol. 9, iss. 5., p. 550-565The present research examined the association of perceived impact of COVID-19 on emerging adults’ perceptions of their future and the potential mediating role of intolerance of uncertainty on these associations. Specifically, we investigated the associations of perceived financial impact, needed resource impact, and psychological impact on perceptions of future life and financial future. Using online survey data from emerging adults (N = 1768) living in six countries (China, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Slovenia, and USA), we found that the perceived dimension of impact (i.e., finances, needed resources, and psychological) was negatively associated with perceptions of future life and financial future, despite mean level differences by country. The ability to tolerate uncertainty was a significant mediator only for psychological impact. We conclude the article with suggestions for applying our findings in the design of future interventions. WOS© IF 1.83WOS© AIF 3.524Scopus© SNIP 1.067
- research article
; ;Sorgente, AngelaLanz, MargheritaEmerging adulthood. Thousand Oaks : SAGE publications, 2021, vol. 00, iss. 00., p. 1-14Financial identity formed during emerging adulthood is important for the regulation of youth financial behaviors, decisions, and long-term financial goals. This three-wave short-term longitudinal study investigates how youth develop a distinct manner of approaching and managing personal finances and reveals the structure and dynamics of financial identity development during emerging adulthood. Using the cross-lagged panel model analysis, it also investigates longitudinal reciprocal associations between financial identity processes, financial behaviors, and financial well-being of emerging adults. The sample consists of 533 Lithuanian higher education students (56.8% women; Mage ¼ 18.93, SDage ¼ 0.71) who took part in three assessment waves. The findings support the use of the three-factor model of financial identity formation and show that financial identity formation is shaped by emerging adults’ financial situation and contribute to the formation of financial behaviors and financial well-being. Practical implications of study results are also discussed. WOS© IF 1.83WOS© AIF 3.524Scopus© SNIP 1.067 Linking family financial socialization with its proximal and distal outcomes: Which socialization dimensions matter most for emerging adults’ financial identity, financial behaviors, and financial anxiety?PublicationFinancial behaviors are grounded in family financial socialization, and its effects continue well into people’s life course. However, only a handful of studies have addressed dimensionality of family financial socialization practices. Even fewer studies have investigated how different dimensions of financial socialization are linked to financial identity and distal outcomes such as financial behaviors and anxiety. To address this gap, a cross-sectional study was conducted with 481 emerging adults (57.8% women; M age = 20.27, SD age = 1.39). The results suggest that family financial socialization practices are multidimensional and that they have different effects on the outcomes. Specifically, direct parental teaching on money management and openness about family finances are related to favorable outcomes (i.e., higher spending self-control, less impulsive buying, and lower financial anxiety), while experiencing financial distress within a family is related to less favorable outcomes. The results also suggest that financial identity may play an essential role in this process. WOS© IF 1.56WOS© AIF 3.229Scopus© SNIP 0.961 How does financial life shape emerging adulthood? Short-term longitudinal associations between perceived features of emerging adulthoofd, financial behaviors, and financial well-beingPublicationresearch article ;Klimstra, TheoEmerging adulthood. [S.l] : SAGE publications, 2020, 00, 00, UNSP 2167696820908970., p. 1-19Becoming independent from parental financial support and developing financial capabilities are important life tasks in emerging adulthood. However, research on how the accomplishment of these tasks contributes to perceptions of emerging adulthood features is rare. This study investigates how functioning in the financial domain shapes perceptions of emerging adulthood features during the early years of emerging adulthood. Participants in this short-term longitudinal study were 533 emerging adults (57.2% women; Mage=18.94, SDage=.73, range 18 to 21 years) freshly enrolled into a set of programs at three higher education institutions. Results show that: (a) financial well-being promotes more desirable perceived emerging adulthood features while financial difficulties tend to be related to more negative ones; (b) change in economic dependence is primarily driven by financial well-being; (c) perceived features of emerging adulthood also contribute to how one functions in financial life; (d) parental SES plays at least some role in these matters. WOS© IF 1.56WOS© AIF 3.229Scopus© SNIP 0.961 Linking identity processes to spending self-control capacities in emerging adulthood: The mediating role of self-regulatory identity functionsPublicationBecoming financially independent requires financial capabilities, such as capacities to control spending, and prior research suggests that identity may play a role in developing such capacities. This cross-sectional study sought to investigate how identity formation is related to spending self-control through the mediating role of self-regulatory identity functions. Participants were 481 Lithuanian students (40% employed; 57.8% women; Mage=20.27, SDage=1.39). Results revealed that general domain identity processes affected financial capabilities both directly and indirectly (through the mediation of identity functions). Specifically, the findings highlighted that (a) ruminative exploration may make individuals more vulnerable to impulsive buying, whereas exploration in depth can promote controlled spending (direct effects); and (b) exploration in breadth and identification with commitment may promote spending self-control by strengthening goal setting capacities (indirect effects). In synthesis, this study contributes to the understanding of favorable and unfavorable implications of identity formation on financial capabilities in emerging adulthood. WOS© IF 0.974WOS© AIF 2.233Scopus© SNIP 1.385 Relationships with parents, identity styles, and positive youth development during the transition from adolescence to emerging adulthoodPublicationThe purpose of this study was to examine the links between relationships with parents, identity styles, and positive youth development (PYD), conceptualized as “contribution” to self, family, and community, in Lithuanian youth during the transition from adolescence to emerging adulthood. In Study I, we sought to examine how positive relationships with parents predict contribution with the potential mediating role of autonomy-supportive parenting. Participants (N = 153) filled a self-reported questionnaire in the final year of school and 1 year later. In Study II, we aimed at investigating how parental autonomy support is related to the contribution and the potential mediating role of identity processing style. Participants (N = 254) were assessed 1 year after graduating high school. Overall, the findings indicated that positive relationships with parents play an important role in successful adjustment and that this relationship is partially mediated by identity style. To conclude, the way in which parents respond to their children’s need for autonomy and relatedness affects the adequate identity management and overall positive development during emerging adulthood. Scopus© SNIP 1.49 Global versus domain-specific identity processes: which domains are more relevant for emerging adults?PublicationThe current study contributes to the ongoing discussion about validity and utility of global and domain-specific assessment of identity processes in emerging adulthood (EA) by using a three-dimensional model of identity development and examining four identity domains (best friend, education, occupation, and partner). The links between global and domain-specific identity processes and main features of EA are analyzed in the Eastern European context, which is largely underrepresented in studies on identity development. Participants were 1,217 (49.9% females) emerging adults aged between 20 and 31 years (Mage = 25.89, SDage = 3.51). This study showed that global identity processes only partly explain domain-specific ones and that domain-specific processes have unique links with features of EA. Taken together, this study shows that consideration of different life domains to measure identity processes is essential, since identity development in friendship, partnership education, and work domains can have different associations with outcomes of interest. Scopus© SNIP 1.178
- research articleInternational sociology : journal of the international sociological association. London : Sage Publications, 1995, vol. 10, no. 2., p. 173-184This paper studies the evolution of ethnic minorities and their relations with Lithuanian nationals. With the creation of independence, the situation of ethnic groups - like that of mixed-race groups - changed enormously. Russians, Byelorussians, Ukrainians and other families who had entered Lithuania principally when it was under Russian administration had to face the dilemmas of whether they should live in the new Byelorussian state or in Russia, what citizenship they should be applying for and how to rediscover their ethnic identity. Poles, Jews, Tartars, Germans and Karaims had all lived for centuries in Lithuania. Their roots could be retraced over several ages in the economy and culture of Lithuania. In spite of that, they still have many problems regarding their ethnic identity, culture and education. In the case of the indigenous Lithuanian population, the problem was one of forming a majority after previously functioning as a semi-minority.
WOS© IF 0.708WOS© AIF 0