Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS)
Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS)
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Strategic management: evolution and problems in major Lithuanian and Ukrainian citiesPublication[Strateginio valdymo raida ir problemos: didžiųjų Lietuvos ir Ukrainos miestų atvejis]The aim of this article is to review the problems of strategic management in Lithuanian and Ukrainian municipalities. The article examines the factors that, in the authors' opinion, do not allow municipalities to take full advantage of strategic management, and attempts to distinguish between competitive (win/lose) and balanced (win/win) strategies. The long-term strategic development plans of the five largest Lithuanian and Ukrainian city municipalities are studied, assessing the balance of indicators of their strategic provisions in relation to four different balanced scorecard perspectives. Currently, the strategic management plans drawn up in Lithuanian and Ukrainian municipalities are not characterized by a balance of indicators. Moreover, the sets of selected indicators do not reflect all aspects of the municipality's activities and strategic plans of municipalities, at least in the case of large Lithuanian and Ukrainian cities. These indicators are also not detailed down to units at the lowest level and to individual employees, and at the same time cannot become strategic action plans or effective communication tools. 75 6Scopus© SNIP 0.297 The importance of neo-weberianism in the context of Covid-19 global pandemic managementPublication[Neovėberizmo svarba COVID-19 pasaulinės pandemijos valdymo kontekste]Neo-Weberianism is a modern direction of public administration reform, the ex- pression of which, to varying degrees, is increasingly being observed in various states. This direction is particularly relevant in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. An analysis of the administration of the COVID-19 pandemic shows that coherence between vertically integrated management, a pro- fessional civil service, and the influence of civil society and communities on public decision-making is at the heart of neo-Weberianism, and becomes particularly important in the event of an emergency of this nature. Many countries choose similar or identical anti-crisis measures to combat the threat of a pandemic. However, differences in applying the principles of neo-Weberian governance can also be observed between countries. The authors of this article selected three Central European countries (EU member states) – Poland (large), Hungary (medium), and Lithuania (small) – for a more detailed analysis of pandemic management. In Poland, in order to manage the pandemic and its financial consequences in perspective, redundancies or pay cuts to some civil servants and other public sec- tor employees in public sector organizations were modeled. Hungary had the strictest anti-pandemic quarantine of the three countries selected for analysis, and at first glance it seems that the country opted for a strict traditional hierarchical governance model for the COVID-19 crisis, but on closer inspection we see that the Hungarian government used population surveys and tried to take into account citizens’ views on the deadlines for overcoming the pandemic. In Lithuania, by coordinating strict pandemic quarantine, the aim was to ensure the provision of high-quality information to the population. Scopus© SNIP 0.297 Innovations in science: a comparative analysis between Lithuania and KazakhstanPublication[Inovacijos moksle Lietuvoje ir Kazachstane: lyginamoji analizė]research article ;Shaikin, Dinmukhammed ; ;Valieva, Maira ;Kopylova, OxanaIskakova, AltynViešoji politika ir administravimas. Kaunas : Kauno technologijos universitetas. Mykolo Romerio universitetas, 2022, vol. 21, no. 2., p. 61-73This article presents a brief analysis of the current state of the scientific and technolog- ical spheres in the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Republic of Lithuania. Based on the analysis of the conceptual apparatus and the study of scientific literature, approaches to the analysis of the scientific and technological spheres are presented. The article considers and analyzes the size of intramural R&D expenditures in Kazakhstan and Lithuania in 2016–2020, as well as their relation to gross do- mestic product. It is noted that the accounting of intramural R&D expenditures in Kazakhstan and Lithuania is carried out in full compliance with internationally recognized OECD standards – first of all, following the FRASCATI Manual, the main provisions of which are reflected in the legislation of the OECD countries regulating the implementation and development of scientific and technological policy. Information is provided on indirect tax incentives used in practice in Kazakhstan and Lithua- nia, the purpose of which is to increase the motivation of the business environment to implement and carry out R&D projects. The calculation of the growth of the level of intramural R&D expenditure in relation to GDP is carried out in this paper. Its performance will ensure the size of the indicator under consideration at the strategic levels in Kazakhstan and Lithuania. The authors’ proposals, the implementation of which will ensure the effective development of scientific and technological policy in Kazakhstan and Lithuania, are also formulated and supplemented. 4 1Scopus© SNIP 0.297 Searching for opportunities for more active civil participation in decision-making processesPublication[Aktyvesnis pilietinis dalyvavimas priimant sprendimus: galimybių paieškos]The purpose of this article is to introduce two items. 1) The Civil Participation Tool, developed by the Council of Europe’s Centre of Expertise for Good Governance (2020) for the purposes of: selecting, evaluating, and classifying civil actors (stakeholders) into groups; selecting the most appropriate forms of participation in decision-making processes; providing accurate information for classified civil actors (stakeholders); developing the most appropriate strategies to activate the processes of participation for different civil actors (stakeholders) based on the assessment of their potential to engage; and enhancing the level of participation. 2) The results of educational pilot projects implemented in 6 Lithuanian municipalities in 2020. These projects confirmed the scientific hypothesis of this article: that more active civil participation in decision-making processes can be expected when the objective differences of local civil actors (stake- holders) are recognized. According to this, different forms of civil participation should be provided as well as different strategies for improving skills and increasing civil engagement in decision-making processes. Scopus© SNIP 0.297 Differences in The Satisfaction and Frustration of Basic Needs Based on Employment StatusPublication[Bazinių poreikių patenkinimo ir frustracijos ypatumai skirtingose užimtumo statuso (studijuojančių/dirbančių) grupėse]Although research on the benefits or constraints of working while studying began several decades ago, the differences in employment (student/work) groups are still under-researched. This study is based on the presumption that student/work status creates different possibilities for the satisfaction or frustration of the basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness. It aims to explore differences in basic needs, satisfaction, and frustration in different employment groups (whether a person is only working, only studying, working and studying, or not working and not studying). It is hypothesized that the four student/work status groups differ regarding the satisfaction and frustration of basic needs. The study sample included 286 participants from the youth age group, according to the World Health Organization’s 2015 updated age classification standards. Respondents were aged 18 to 44 years, with a mean age of 28.7 years (SD = 6.963); 52.1% of respondents (n = 149) were solely employed, 12.9% solely studied (n = 37), 16.8% both worked and studied (n = 48), and 18.2% neither worked nor studied (n = 52); 41.3% of respondents were male (n = 118) and 58.7% were female (n = 168). This study applied a Lithuanian-translated version of The Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction & Frustration Scale (BPNSFS), which assesses the satisfaction and frustration of the needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness. This study partially confirmed the hypothesis that the satisfaction and frustration of basic psychological needs differ depending on a person’s employment (student/work) status. This research also demonstrated a statistically significant difference in the frustration of the need for autonomy between the respondents solely studying and solely working, and between those not working and not studying. Data on the satisfaction and frustration of relatedness and competence did not differ significantly between the employment (student/work) status groups. However, due to the limitations implied by the relatively small and non-representative sample size, these findings should be regarded with concern and should be researched further. This study is important as it adds value to the knowledge of factors in students’ quality of life, which are important for public policy related to higher education and employment. 2Scopus© SNIP 0.297
- Traditional public governance is based on rationality, clear causal links, and the assumption of stability of social systems. However, contemporary public governance systems have different levels of operation, they adapt, can organise themselves, have different levels of sensitivity, evolve and change unpredictably according to their internal logic of operation or under the influence of other external systems. Thus, traditional models of public governance become insufficient to explain and address the challenges that arise in this context. The provisions of complexity theory and methodology become especially important for understanding the contexts and processes of modern society, applying governance methodologies and increasing their efficiency, implementing systemic changes, and forming prediction models. While it may not be possible to provide concrete technical solutions that are useful in the short term, this theory can offer certain models and principles to better meet the challenges ahead. This article aims to define the essential features of complexity theory and to discuss the possibilities of its application in the context of public governance. The methods of scientific literature analysis, synthesis, historic analysis, and document analysis are used in this paper. The possibilities of applying complexity theory differ depending on the stage of development of public governance and its methodological assumptions. In the context of complexity theory, when shaping public governance change strategies for effective solutions, it becomes important to understand the limitations of idealised future perspectives and to assess the current functioning of systems and forces acting on them, identifying natural system development trends due to the influence of self-organisation forces.
2Scopus© SNIP 0.297 Patients’ attitudes towards the quality of obstetric services in a tertiary level obstetric facility unitPublicationThe growing recognition of patients’ roles as key evaluators of service quality in the healthcare quality improvement process – as well as periodic media coverage of adverse birth experiences, such as postpartum depression, that place burdens on mothers and society in general – encourages a broader examination of the aspects that form the quality of midwifery services. The relevance of this topic is also determined by the emphasis on the role of the obstetric service sector in the Lithuanian Health Programme, which provides long-term directions for improving the quality of services provided to mothers. Quality assurance of maternity services is also one of the main scopes of the World Health Organization’s activity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the attitudes of patients towards the quality of obstetric services provided. A quantitative survey was conducted at a tertiary level obstetric facility unit involving 309 women who had given birth. Respondents participated in the study by submitting a service quality evaluation questionnaire, and the total internal reliability of the questionnaire was 0.966. The research revealed that, although the quality of maternity services in the institution where the research was conducted was assessed as high, the need for women to actively participate in their health care process is not ensured sufficiently and communicative aspects of the provision of services can be improved. Women who undergo vaginal delivery and have episiotomies, as well as women who are not guaranteed early contact with the newborn immediately after giving birth, require special attention on behalf of the medical staff. This is first ensured by realizing the need for effective communication between the patient and healthcare specialists in order to improve the quality of the services provided. Assessing rapid changes in the healthcare service quality field and the constant emergence of new factors defining quality of services, it becomes obvious that standard quality assessment questionnaires for obstetric situations must be constantly reviewed, and quality assessment must be carried out periodically using questionnaires focused specifically on obstetrical practice. 1Scopus© SNIP 0.297 Factors Increasing Teachers` Motivation: The Case of Vilnius City MunicipalityPublication[Mokytojų motyvaciją didinantys veiksniai: Vilniaus miesto savivaldybės atvejis]The article presents the results of a quantitative study. The aim of the article is to identify the factors motivating teachers of the Vilnius City Municipality to work. The questionnaire survey of Vilnius city teachers was conducted in April-May, 2020, using the electronic survey tool Qualtrics. Employees of the Vilnius City Municipality Administration distributed the link to the questionnaire to all teachers of the Vilnius city schools by e-mail. 1660 respondents started the questionnaire on this electronic platform, but after eliminating the incomplete questionnaires, a database of 873 respondents who answered all the questions of the questionnaire was created. The survey of teachers of Vilnius city educational institutions has shown that teachers are most motivated by the improvement of teachers' working conditions at school and the reduction of direct control as well as by personal recognition and ensuring favourable opportunities for professional development. 2 1Scopus© SNIP 0.297
- research article
;Nissinen, Vesa ;Dungveckis, LinasManagement theory and studies for rural business and infrastructure development. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto Žemės ūkio akademija, 2022, vol. 44, no. 1., p. 103-116The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the successful transfer of transformational leadership program and coaching practice to Lithuanian military education. The authors of this paper propose that the universal nature and theory of transformational leadership is fully applicable to any military organization. Through enhanced learning, feedback and interaction practices any organization will achieve a permanent competitive advantage. A case study of educational system transfer from Finland to Lithuania based on results in Gen. J.Žemaitis Military Academy (MAL) is presented. As a conclusion further interest should be placed on troop level competence development and measurement. 13 Imaginative communication and community: the phenomenological-enactive approach to the co-constitution of public phenomenaPublicationresearch article ;Navarro, MarianoStudia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai. Philosophia. Cluj-Napoca : Babes-Bolyai University, 2021, vol. 66, no. 3., p. 181-192An ever-evolving phenomenological-enactive perspective can expand our reflection on the entanglement between enactive subjects and their living ecologies. This article applies certain classical phenomenological projects and their enactive extension to public phenomena (objects, spaces, events, etc.). As an instance of the embodied cognition discourse, this research also aims to thematize the enactive, affective, and intersubjective aspects of the relation to the (urban) Lebenswelt. This may help in understanding both the potential of the phenomenological-enactive methodology and the processes of an embodied intersubjective co-constitution of a public ethos. Theoretical ideas presented in the article are illustrated with reflections on some concrete public phenomena. 2