Database.use.hdl: https://cris.mruni.eu/cris/handle/007/21493
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  • research article;
    Sustainability, p. 1-18
    Previous studies, to some extent, link creativity, well-being, and environmental concerns. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the associations between self-reported creativity, psychological well-being, and climate change concerns. This study was based on data derived from the European Social Survey’s 10th round and applied several items from sections H, B, and C. The findings revealed that creativity was positively linked to climate change concerns and psychological well-being, while psychological well-being was, to some extent, negatively related to climate change concerns. The SEM model demonstrated an acceptable fit, χ2 = 1627.862; Df = 7; CFI = 0.959; TLI = 0.876; NFI = 0.958; RMSEA = 0.078 [0.075–0.082]. Additionally, the findings indicated that more creative and happy individuals were also more concerned about climate change; they were more prone to believe that climate change is caused by human activity, they felt a higher personal responsibility to reduce climate change, and they were significantly more worried about climate change. This implies that as creative and happy individuals have a heightened sense of responsibility for climate change, these individuals may indeed play a key role in promoting climate change awareness and actions, including communication on sustainability, sustainability-related projects, and other activities; thus, tailored campaigns could be developed within the frames of citizen science. The findings also suggest implications for policy development: policymakers could consider the perspectives of creative and happy individuals when crafting climate policies, potentially leading to more effective and widely accepted solutions.
      7WOS© IF 3.9WOS© AIF 5.75Scopus© SNIP 1.198
  • research article
    Magliano, Dianna J
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    Chen, Lei
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    Carstensen, Bendix
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    Gregg, Edward W
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    Pavkov, Meda E
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    Salim, Agus
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    Andes, Linda J
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    Balicer, Ran
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    Baviera, Marta
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    Chan, Juliana C N
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    Cheng, Yiling J
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    Gardiner, Helene
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    Gulseth, Hanne L
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    Ha, Kyoung Hwa
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    Jermendy, György
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    Kim, Dae Jung
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    Kiss, Zoltán
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    Leventer-Roberts, Maya
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    Lin, Chun-Yi
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    Luk, Andrea O Y
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    Ma, Stefan
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    Mata-Cases, Manel
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    Mauricio, Didac
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    Nichols, Gregory A
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    Pildava, Santa
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    Porath, Avi
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    Read, Stephanie H
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    Robitaille, Cynthia
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    Roncaglioni, Maria Carla
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    Lopez-Doriga Ruiz, Paz
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    Wang, Kang-Ling
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    Wild, Sarah H
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    Yekutiel, Naama
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    Shaw, Jonathan E
    The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology. [New York] : Elsevier Ltd, 2022, vol. 10, iss. 2., p. 112-119
    Background: Population-level trends in mortality among people with diabetes are inadequately described. We aimed to examine the magnitude and trends in excess all-cause mortality in people with diabetes. Methods: In this retrospective, multicountry analysis, we collected aggregate data from 19 data sources in 16 high-income countries or jurisdictions (in six data sources in Asia, eight in Europe, one from Australia, and four from North America) for the period from Jan 1, 1995, to Dec 31, 2016, (or a subset of this period) on all-cause mortality in people with diagnosed total or type 2 diabetes. We collected data from administrative sources, health insurance records, registries, and a health survey. We estimated excess mortality using the standardised mortality ratio (SMR). Findings: In our dataset, there were approximately 21 million deaths during 0·5 billion person-years of follow-up among people with diagnosed diabetes. 17 of 19 data sources showed decreases in the age-standardised and sex-standardised mortality in people with diabetes, among which the annual percentage change in mortality ranged from –0·5% (95% CI –0·7 to –0·3) in Hungary to –4·2% (−4·3 to –4·1) in Hong Kong. The largest decreases in mortality were observed in east and southeast Asia, with a change of –4·2% (95% CI –4·3 to –4·1) in Hong Kong, –4·0% (−4·8 to –3·2) in South Korea, –3·5% (−4·0 to –3·0) in Taiwan, and –3·6% (−4·2 to –2·9) in Singapore. The annual estimated change in SMR between people with and without diabetes ranged from –3·0% (95% CI –3·0 to –2·9; US Medicare) to 1·6% (1·4 to 1·7; Lombardy, Italy). Among the 17 data sources with decreasing mortality among people with diabetes, we found a significant SMR increase in five data sources, no significant SMR change in four data sources, and a significant SMR decrease in eight data sources. Interpretation: All-cause mortality in diabetes has decreased in most of the high-income countries we assessed. In eight of 19 data sources analysed, mortality decreased more rapidly in people with diabetes than in those without diabetes. Further longevity gains will require continued improvement in prevention and management of diabetes. Funding: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Diabetes Australia Research Program, and Victoria State Government Operational Infrastructure Support Program
    WOS© IF 44.5WOS© AIF 5.1Scopus© SNIP 9.502
  • research article
    Feng, Siyuan
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    Ding, Jingyi
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    Zhan, Tianyu
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    Zhao, Wenwu
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    Land degradation & development. John Wiley & Sons, 2022, 00, 00., p. 1-4
    The arid and semiarid grassland ecosystems are characterized by limited water resources and are generally vulnerable to climate change. Understanding how plants in arid and semiarid ecosystems respond to global climatic variation is crucial for ecological restoration under a changing climate. Although the effects of climate on aboveground biomass (AGB) and belowground biomass (BGB) have been widely explored, how AGB and BGB respond to climatic variation is seldom disentangled. There is still a need to understand how plant communities respond to global climate change. In this study, we conducted a transect survey across grasslands in Inner Mongolia to capture changes in AGB and BGB in plant communities. Then, we used structural equation modelling (SEM) to explore the relationship between environmental factors and the root:shoot ratio to understand how plant communities respond to ecological drought under global climate change. Our results showed that low precipitation use efficiency (LPUE) results in a high root:shoot (HRS) ratio, and BGB was more sensitive to environmental changes. By contrast, high precipitation use efficiency (HPUE) led to a low root:shoot (LRS) ratio, and environmental factors had a greater impact on AGB. For the LPUE pattern, soil water content (SWC), pH, and soil total nitrogen (STN) mainly affected the HRS ratio. Soil water content and STN influenced the HRS ratio through a positive effect on BGB. For the HPUE pattern, SWC, STN, and plant abundance (PA) predominantly regulate the LRS ratio, while biodiversity (plant abundance) affects the LRS ratio by positively affecting AGB. Our results highlight the differential impact of precipitation use efficiency on aboveground and belowground biomass allocation. This is important for monitoring the impact of drought events on plant biomass, improving productivity assessment models in arid and semi-arid regions, and assessing local carbon storage accurately.
    WOS© IF 4.7WOS© AIF 5.55Scopus© SNIP 1.256
  • research article
    Matiiuk, Yuliia
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    Liobikienė, Genovaitė
    Sustainability. [Basel] : MDPI AG, 2020, vol. 12, iss. 11., p. 1-25
    Contribution to climate change mitigation is required for all world countries. Post-Soviet countries’ climate change policy strategies by 2030 (2035) were adopted relatively recently. Thus, the aim of this study is to analyze the achievements of climate change policy, encompassing carbon emissions, energy intensity, and renewable energy consumption, in separate Post-Soviet countries and to reveal the possibilities of reaching their long-term 2030–2035 targets. The results showed huge differences in carbon emissions, energy intensity, and the share of renewable energy consumption among Post-Soviet countries. Analyzing the trends of climate change policy implementation in almost all Post-Soviet countries (except Ukraine and Uzbekistan), carbon pollution increased during the analyzed period (2002–2014). The highest growth of emissions was observed in Georgia and Tajikistan. Furthermore, the economic development level was positively and significantly related to the level of carbon emissions. During the 2002–2014 period, energy intensity decreased in all Post-Soviet countries, particularly in those where the level was lower. The share of renewable energy consumption increased the most in countries that are members of the EU (Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia) and Moldova, which declared its willingness to join the EU. However, the energy intensity and the share of renewable energy consumption were insignificantly related to the level of economic development. Analyzing the possibility of achieving the Post-Soviet countries’ climate change policy targets, the results showed that only some of them will succeed. Therefore, Post-Soviet countries should implement more efficient climate change policies and effective tools in order to achieve their targets.
    WOS© IF 3.251WOS© AIF 4.78Scopus© SNIP 1.242
  • research article
    Science of the total environment. Amsterdam : Elsevier B.V., 2020, vol. 702, 135008., p. 379-389
      1WOS© IF 7.963WOS© AIF 5.201Scopus© SNIP 2.015
  • research article; ; ; ;
    Tvaronavičienė, Manuela
    Sustainability. [Basel] : MDPI AG, 2020, vol. 12, iss. 3., p. 1-14
    Two mainstream topics have been widely discussed over the past few years: ways to reduce the human impact on nature and the way that the industrial revolution 4.0 changes industries. The aim of this research topic is to analyse the positive and negative factors of big data implementation in the sector of cryptocurrency (as part of the industrial revolution 4.0) and in the sector of municipal waste management. The analysis reveals the differences and similarities between the cryptocurrency and municipal waste management sectors in the context of big data. The findings are significant for the estimation of the technological development of digitalized and non-digitalized sectors. View Full-Text
      1WOS© IF 3.251WOS© AIF 4.78Scopus© SNIP 1.242
  • research article
    Menshov, O.
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    Spassov, S.
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    Camps, P.
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    Vyzhva, S.
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    Environmental earth sciences. [Heidelberg] : Springer, 2020, vol. 79, iss. 8, 182., p. 1-10
    The objective of this paper was to study pollution in the semi-urban area of Truskavets (Ukraine) using low-cost and energy-efficient magnetic measurements. Soil magnetic properties were measured near a railway station (transect) and near a road (transect and grid). To compare the magnetic properties of the soils from the urban areas, we sampled in a forest area located 2–3 km from Truskavets. Additionally, ten dust samples were taken 150 cm above the ground from the smooth surface of the tree bark. Near the Stebnyk Ring (the end of the second transect), we established a grid (20 × 20 m) and measured the soil magnetic susceptibility MS (mass-specific χ, and volume κ). There were taken 55 soil samples within the upper 0–5 cm of the topsoil. The results showed that low-frequency MS of the natural soil was within the range of 8–10 × 10–8 m3/kg, a low value for the Ukraine soils. The urban soils collected near the roadway and the railway had high MS values. Soil pollution was confirmed by the frequency dependence of magnetic susceptibility: χfd = 2–3%. Our results, based on the thermomagnetic, hysteresis, isothermal (IRM), and anhysteretic remanent magnetization (ARM) measurements, suggested that magnetite is responsible for the increase in the magnetic signal of the urban soils. Natural soils normally contain a single domain (SD) grains. It has also been found that the high coercivity haematite and goethite are stable pedogenic minerals in the Truskavets natural soil. Overall, the magnetic measurements have proven to be a rapid, low cost, non-destructive and efficient technique for soil monitoring and air quality assessment.
    WOS© IF 2.784WOS© AIF 4.237Scopus© SNIP 1.11
  • research article
    Andrušaitytė, Sandra
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    Gražulevičienė, Regina
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    Dėdelė, Audrius
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    International journal of hygiene and environmental health. [Munich] : Elsevier, 2020, vol. 223, iss. 1., p. 142-150
    Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the association between levels of residential surrounding greenness, preschool children's park use, sedentary behaviour, and mental and general health. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1489 4-6-year-old children – residents of Kaunas city, Lithuania. Responses to the questionnaires completed by parents were used to ascertain children's general and mental health. We estimated exposure to greenness by the normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI), and time spent in a park (i.e. park use). We used multivariate logistic regression models to explore the independent associations between health outcomes and surrounding greenness and time spent in the nearest city park, controlling for potential confounders. Results: Of all the studied children, 14% had poor perceived general health, and 44.7% spent 5 or more hours per week in city parks. A significant increase in sedentary behaviour was observed in children with poor health. Every additional hour of time spent in parks was associated with decreased sedentary behaviour and a lower risk of poor health; meanwhile, lower residential greenness was associated with poorer mental and general health. Compared with NDVI-100 m > median and park use exceeding 5 h per week, lower greenness exposure and shorter park usage were associated with the risk of poor health (adjusted odds ratio 2.32 (95% CI: 1.43, 3.78) and the general risk of mental difficulties (adjusted odds ratio 1.43 (95% CI: 1.03, 2.18) in 4–6-year-old children. Conclusions: Lower residential greenness levels and less time spent in a park were associated with poorer general and mental health among 4-6-year-old children. Physical activity in green spaces is recommended as a measure to prevent poor general and mental health among children.
      4WOS© IF 5.84WOS© AIF 3.927Scopus© SNIP 2.028
  • research article
    Bogunovic, Igor
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    Galic, Marija
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    Bilandzija, Darija
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    Kisic, Ivica
    Environmental earth sciences. [Heidelberg] : Springer, 2020, vol. 79, iss. 3, 70., p. 1-6
    A 2-year study was carried out in a Croatia to assess the impacts of tillage and fertilisation on soil bulk density (BD), penetration resistance (PR), CO2 emissions and grain yields. The tillage treatments were: conventional tillage (CT), minimum tillage (MT) and reduced tillage (RT). Inside these plots, subplots were fertilised with organic fertiliser, 600 kg ha−1 (CF), 15 t ha−1 (FYM15) and 30 t ha−1 (FYM30) of farmyard manure. In 2017, BD at 10–20 cm was significantly higher in MT than in RT and CT. The same was observed in 2018 at 0–10 cm and 10–20 cm. In 2017, RT had a significantly lower PR than MT and CT. In 2018, PR in RT was significantly lower than MT. In 2017 and 2018 FYM30 and FYM15 application decreased significantly BD in comparison to CF. In 2017, the highest dose of farmyard manure (FYM30 50, 5 kg ha−1 day−1) increased significantly CO2 fluxes comparing to CF (40.7 kg ha−1 day−1). Soil CO2 fluxes under CT (47.9 and 52.3 kg ha−1 day−1 in 2017 and 2018, respectively) were significantly higher than RT (39.1 kg ha−1 day−1) in 2017 and MT (41.7 kg ha−1 day−1) in 2018. Conventional tillage (2.26 t ha−1) had significant lower oat yields than RT (2.72 t ha−1) and MT (2.56 t ha−1). The opposite occurred in barley yields. Farmyard manure significantly increased oat yields in 2017 compared to CF. Overall, reduced tillage with addition of FYM30 can be considered a sustainable management practice, since improved soil physical properties, reduced CO2 fluxes and increased grain yield.
    WOS© IF 2.784WOS© AIF 4.237Scopus© SNIP 1.11
  • research article
    Bogunovic, Igor
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    Andabaka, Zeljko
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    Stupic, Domagoj
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    Galic, Marija
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    Novak, Kristina
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    Telak, Leon Josip
    Land degradation and development. [Hoboken] : John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2019, vol. 30, iss. 18., p. 2347-2359
    Few works have been carried out on the coupled impacts of different management practices and tractor traffic on soil properties and degradation in vineyards, grape productivity and must quality. The influence of different tillage practices (conventional tillage—CT; grass coverage in a given year—INV-GC; tillage in a given year—INV-T) and continuous grass coverage (CGC) on bulk density (BD), soil water content (SWC), CO2 emissions, grape yield and must quality have been investigated in a vineyard in Zagreb, Croatia. During 2017, soil properties were analysed in the 0–10 cm and 10–20 cm layers after 3, 6 and 11 tractor traffic passes. The results showed that tractor traffic increased the BD in the CGC, INV-GC and INV-T treatments. The BD at the 0–10 cm and 10–20 cm depths was significantly higher in CGC than in CT. During the wet year of 2017, CT and INV-T had significantly higher SWCs than did CGC and INV-GC. The CO2 emissions under different management practices were INV-T (120.3 CO2 ha−1 yr−1) > CGC (111.4 CO2 ha−1 yr−1) > INV-GC (71.7 CO2 ha−1 yr−1) > CT (51.5 kg CO2 ha−1 yr−1). The effects of soil management on must quality and grape composition measurements were also detected. Grape yield was as follows: CT (5.37 kg vine−1) > INV-GC (4.43 kg vine−1) > CGC (4.06 kg vine−1) > INV-T (3.87 kg vine−1). Treatments had a significant impact only on pruning weight, pH value and free amino nitrogen (FAN), whereas no significant differences were found in the cluster number per vine, mean cluster weight, sugar content and titratable acids.
    WOS© IF 3.775WOS© AIF 3.718Scopus© SNIP 1.416