Database.use.hdl: https://cris.mruni.eu/cris/handle/007/20800
Now showing 1 - 10 of 27
  • research article
    Bareikytė, Simona
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    Jacevič, Barbara
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    Paužaitė-Kulvinskienė, Jurgita
    Miscellanea Historico-Iuridica., p. 11-42.
    Judicial review of the legality of administrative acts is one of the most important elements of the rule of law. The institute of administrative justice began to develop in the 19th century: in 1872 The French Council of State was given a function of judicial review, the Administrative Court in Vienna (Austria-Hungary) was established in 1867, in Baden (Germany) in 1863, etc. After the First World War, administrative courts were established in several European countries. The law on the Supreme Administrative Court and its Jurisdiction in Czechoslovakia was adopted in 1918.1The Law for the Supreme Administrative Court in Poland was issued in 1922.2Administrative courts were also functioning in other countries (Latvia, Estonia). In Lithuania administrative courts were established for the first time in 1999, although up to fifteen draft laws on the Administrative Court were prepared in the interwar Lithuania. This article was written on the occasion of the centenary of the Polish administrative courts. Thus, the purpose of the article is to familiarize the readers with Lithuanian administrative courts, starting with the development of the institute of administrative justice from 1918 and ending with the perspectives of judicial review formed in that time. Therefore, the authors of the article set the following objectives: to remind of the origins of administrative justice in Lithuania from 1918 to 1940; to reveal the course of the establishment of administrative courts after the Restoration of the Independence of the Republic of Lithuania in 1990, briefly discussing who and on the basis of which legal acts controlled the legality of administrative acts during the Soviet era; to provide the insights of institutional evelopment as well as competence development of the administrative courts; to present contemporary administrative process, giving some insights about the status quo; to present the features of and the most relevant reforms of administrative process. Abbreviations used in the article are as follows: CSARL – Central State Archive of the Republic of Lithuania, MDWLLAS – Manuscript Department ofthe Wróblewski Library of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences.
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  • Publication
    Szkolnictwo w stanie zagrożenia? Polska i litewska perspektywa zmian a sytuacja w szkole w Litwie. Studium jednego wydarzenia
    [School education in danger? The Polish and Lithuanian perspective of changes and the situation of school in Lithuania. A study of one event]
    research article;
    Szafrańska, Anna
    Edukacja Międzykulturowa, p. 162-175
    Przedstawiciele każdej mniejszości chcą, by respektowane były ich prawa w państwie, w którym mieszkają i którego są obywatelami. Problemy zwią- zane ze szkolnictwem mniejszości narodowych należą do jednych z najbardziej skomplikowanych oraz dyskusyjnych. Kontrowersje polityczne i dysputy toczone na łamach czasopism nie zawsze przekładają się na dobre relacje w zróżnicowa- nym kulturowo środowisku. Celem przygotowanego tekstu jest przedstawienie sytuacji związanej z konfliktem wokół jednej ze szkół polskich w Litwie, którego początek miał miejsce w grudniu 2021 roku, a finał nastąpił w październiku roku 2022. Naszym założeniem było zanalizowanie opisanej sytuacji z trzech perspek- tyw, przedstawianych w polskiej prasie w kontekście podejmowanych przez stronę rządową działań i ich efektów oraz samego sposobu opisu, analogiczne przed - stawienie perspektywy litewskiej oraz samych zainteresowanych (w tym dyrekcji szkoły, której dotyczyła prezentowana sytuacja). Dla lepszego zrozumienia kon- tekstu opisywanych analiz tekst rozpoczynamy od krótkiego opisu jego aktualnego stanu prawnego, sieci szkolnictwa i jej zasięgu.
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  • Publication
    Signature formative mechanism: family factor
    [Proces formowania się podpisu: czynnik rodzinny.]
    research article; ; ;
    Problemy współczesnej kryminalistyki = Current problems of forensic science, p. 235-254.
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  • research article
    Świerczyński, Marek
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    Polish yearbook of international law. Warsaw : Wydawnictwo Instytutu Nauk Prawnych PAN, 2022, XLI, 2021., p. 235-251
    This article focuses on the problems of jurisdiction in cross-border civil proceedings concerning an alleged violation of personality rights. There are no specific rules on jurisdiction for such torts in European Union law. In the current case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), Art. 7(2) of the Brussels I bis Regulation is applicable to such disputes. Nevertheless, the authors argue that the CJEU has misinterpreted this article when the claim is based on violation of personality rights, and has thus created a legal chaos in such disputes. The authors analyse the peculiarities of Internet infringements and the locus delicti connecting factor in the case law of the CJEU in this area. The Court has adopted the criterion of ‘centre of interests’ as the major connecting factor to establish international jurisdiction. The authors criticize this approach and argue that it has led to a structural misunderstanding of the infringement of personality rights. Finally, the authors propose a new rule on jurisdiction in cases concerning violation of personality rights, which should be established in the Brussels I bis Regulation to ensure legal certainty and proper international dispute settlement.
    WOS© IF 0.2WOS© AIF 0.5Scopus© SNIP 0.061
  • Publication
    Propozycja nowego przepisu jurysdykcyjnego dla ochrony dóbr osobistych
    [Proposal for a new jurisdictional norm for protection of personal rights]
    research article;
    Świerczyński, Marek
    Transformation of Private Law. Kraków : Jagiellonian University in Kraków, 2022, iss. 3., p. 53-71
    The issue of national jurisdiction in matters relating to the protection of personal rights is increasingly being examined by the Court of Justice of the EU. Such infringements are often being committed using the global means of electronic communication. Article 7(2) of the Brussels I bis Regulation is then typically used to establish specific jurisdiction of the courts to settle the dispute. In light of this article, the CJEU adopted the criterion of the centre of interest of the injured party as the main connecting factor for establishing national jurisdiction, the most recent example being the judgment of 21 June 2021 in Case C-800/19 (Mittelbayerischer). The authors of the study criticize the above approach and propose a new basis of special jurisdiction for infringements of personal rights that will provide legal certainty and proper resolution of international disputes, especially those involving online infringements.
  • research article; ;
    Yearbook of antitrust and regulatory studies. Warsaw : University of Warsaw, 2022, vol. 15 (25)., p. 87-146
    This article focuses on the personal liability of managers of undertakings for breaches of competition law. This article starts with a review of the sanction regime for managers of undertakings according to the Competition law of the Republic of Lithuania. Reviewed are legal provisions and judicial practice of the Lithuanian courts starting from 2017, that is, when the first request to sanction a manager of an undertaking was submitted to the court by the Competition Council (CC). It is pointed out that in most cases the courts do not fully accept the requests of the CC with respect to the severity of the sanctions to be imposed on managers. The second part of the Article comprehensively analyses the case-law of administrative courts of the Republic of Lithuania, and presents key elements of the imposition of sanctions on company managers. Firstly, in exceptional circumstances, courts may impose a lower penalty than the one specified by competition law. Secondly, the courts may impose both, the main sanction as well as an additional one, or any of them. Thirdly, the level of sanctions should be determined the light of the fines imposed on undertakings for their infringements of competition law. The article concludes with a short summary.
      4Scopus© SNIP 0.337
  • Publication
    Inteligencja emocjonalna, studenci i Covid
    [Emotional intelligence, students and Covid]
    conference paper
    Uniwersytet - raport z rubieży = A University - a report from the frontier / editing by Anna Murawska, Paula Wiażewicz-Wójtowicz. Szczecin : Uniwersytet Szczeciński, 2022. ISBN 9788379725571., p. 119-120
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  • research article;
    Olalekan, Kazeem Usman
    Przegląd Policyjny = The police review. Szczytno : Wydawnictwo Wyžszej szkoły policji w Szczytnie, 2021, vol. 143, iss. 3., p. 186-202
    Cultural norms about parenting practices naturally influence the way children are raised. These norms impact the beliefs and values that a parent teaches their children, what behavior is given appropriate consideration and what methods are used to teach these values and behaviors. Due to cultural differences, more conflicts over parenting are expected in multicultural families. Conflict is an individual’s reaction to the perception that one’s own and another party’s current aspirations cannot be achieved simultaneously (Rubin, Pruitt, and Kim, 1994). The study aims to identify the main issues of confl icts by interviewing migrants from Africa and their Lithuanian spouses. Qualitative content analysis was used for data analysis. The research revealed the following objects of conflicts over parenting: (1) decision making; 2) child discipline; 3) child’s religious practices; 4) relations with extended family members. Ameliorating conflicts is possible if the spouses use effective communication, learn about culture and parenting, and seek professional help. Results emphasize that despite the cultural diversity, there are common parenting themes that emerge across cultures.
  • research article;
    Journal of intercultural management. Łodz : Społeczna Wyzsza Szkoła Przedsiebiorczosci i Zarzadzania, 2020, vol. 2, no. 12., p. 99-116
    Objective: According to researchers, visuality appeals to the cognitive aspects of image consumption , hence, the nature of information technologies becomes more important than the content itself. Based on this relevance, the article's aim is twofold: when seeking to better understand the phenomenon of visual information to analyse the visual communication experience of public relation professionals who apply visual solutions to achieve a specific effect in their work. Methodology: A quasi-structured in-depth interview of the experts and the method of inter-pretive phenomenological analysis were used to gather and process the data of the research. Findings: The paper presents insights into the interaction between receiver's visual information experience and one's world view. The research revealed that the visual information influences a person's perception and interpretation of a message when it serves as supplement for information alongside text in press, advertisement, etc. Value Added: Based on the research, the visual information experience was defined as an instantaneous action of giving meaning to personal experience and imagination by finding the intersection of narratives between the image and oneself. Recommendations: A narrow boundary exists between the stimulation and constriction of the observer's imagination when analysing the visual message. With the help of image communication , a new reality can be created. To reach effective communication, it is recommended to avoid abstract images that allow the observer's imagination to give it whole other meanings than intended by the sender of the message.
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