Database.use.hdl: https://cris.mruni.eu/cris/handle/007/21251
Now showing 1 - 10 of 323
  • research article
    Jasaitis, Mantas
    ;
    Petkevičiūtė, Nijolė
    ;
    Visuomenės saugumas ir viešoji tvarka = Public security of public order., p. 111-128.
    The article analyzes career development possibilities in statutory institutions. The scientific literature presents various aspects of career planning and management of employees in organizations. The concept of career can be described as a joint effort between an individual and an organization to achieve employee satisfaction in performance, together with appropriate criteria for the organization's competitiveness. Employee's responsibility for his personal career has more to do with planning, organization and management. Meanwhile, employee career management is more attributed to the organization itself. Purpose of the article: to analyze career development possibilities of employees, identify problem areas and provide career development guidelines in statutory institutions. The article discusses the issue of career concept, examines the peculiarities of career development in statutory institutions. The conducted quantitative empirical research assumed the possibility of determining the main factors that encourage and hinder career development in statutory institutions; problem areas and solution options are identified, and a model of career management and implementation options is presented.
      1
  • Publication
    Pagalbos nukentėjusiems nuo nusikalstamos veikos teikimo pagrindinės problemos iškylančios dar iki baudžiamojo proceso pradėjimo
    [The main problems of providing support to victims of a criminal act arising before the initiation of criminal proceedings]
    research article;
    Visuomenės saugumas ir viešoji tvarka = Public security of public order : mokslinis žurnalas, p. 23-32
    Anotacija. Nukentėjusiojo nuo nusikalstamos veikos teisių apsauga iki baudžiamojo proceso pradėjimo šiuo metu yra grindžiama Lietuvos Respublikos įstatymu “Dėl pagalbos nuo nusikalstamos veikos nukentėjusiems asmenims”. Minėtame įstatyme įtvirtinta nuostata, kad nukentėjusiems asmenims nuo nusikalstamos veikos pagalbą suteikia akredituotos pagalbos tarnybos (Lietuvos Respublikos pagalbos nuo nusikalstamos veikos nukentėjusiems asmenims įstatymas, 2021). Pastebėtina, kad 2023 metais Lietuvoje tokiomis akredituotomis tarnybomis tapo 25 organizacijos. 2022 - 2023 m. buvo atliktas empirinis tyrimas kurio tikslas buvo nustatyti ar asmenims, kurie kreipiasi į policiją pranešdami apie galimą nusikalstamą veiką jų atžvilgiu yra sudaromos sąlygos naudotis Lietuvos Respublikos Pagalbos nuo nusikalstamos veikos nukentėjusiems asmenims įstatyme įtvirtintomis garantijomis. Šio empirinio tyrimo metu, taikant apklausos metodą, garantuojant respondentams anonimiškumą, buvo surinkta informacija iš 16 asmenų nukentėjusiųjų nuo nusikalstamų veikų, kurie kreipėsi į nusikalstamos veikos nukentėjusiems asmenims tarnybas ieškodami pagalbos. Atlikta asmenų nukentėjusiųjų nuo nusikalstamų veikų anoniminė apklausa leido įvertinti Lietuvos Respublikos įstatymo „Dėl pagalbos nuo nusikalstamos veikos nukentėjusiems asmenims“ efektyvumą ir akredituotų tarnybų teikiamų paslaugų prieinamumą. Buvo nustatyta, kad Lietuvos Respublikos pagalbos nuo nusikalstamos veikos nukentėjusiems asmenims įstatymo 3 str. įtvirtinti pagalbos teikimo principų ir nukentėjusiųjų asmenų teisių, numatytų minėto įstatymo 4 str. realizavimas praktinėje pagalbos nuo nusikalstamos veikos nukentėjusiems asmenims tarnybų veikloje (toliau – akredituota tarnyba) yra gana sudėtingas, o kartais net ir neįmanomas. Vienas svarbiausių probleminių klausimų yra teisinės konsultacijos dėl policijos (ikiteisminio tyrimo įstaigos) atsisakymo pradėti ikiteisminį tyrimą suteikimo terminai. Ši konsultacija turi būti suteikta per 7 dienas, nes toks apskundimo terminas įtvirtintas Lietuvos Respublikos baudžiamojo proceso kodekso 168 str. (Lietuvos Respublikos baudžiamojo proceso kodekso patvirtinimo, įsigaliojimo ir įgyvendinimo įstatymas. Baudžiamojo proceso kodeksas, 2002). Remiantis atlikto tyrimo duomenimis, operatyviai sureaguoti į tokį trumpą įstatymo nustatytą terminą (pateikti teisininko kvalifikuotą konsultaciją) pagal anoniminius apklausos duomenis, galėjo tik dvi iš dvidešimt penkių akredituotų tarnybų. Gauti tyrimo metu duomenys leidžia teigti, kad 2021 m. priimtas įstatymas sudarė galimybę asmenims nukentėjusiems nuo nusikalstamos veikos pasinaudoti tam tikro pobūdžio paslaugomis. Tuo pačiu tai parodė, kad tiek psichologinės pagalbos, tiek teisinės nemokamos paslaugos prieinamumas vis dar yra nepakankamas.
      13
  • research article;
    Goštautaitė, Gabrielė
    Visuomenės saugumas ir viešoji tvarka = Public security of public order., p. 151-168.
    Delinquent behaviour represents a pervasive social issue worldwide, notably in Lithuania, where juvenile delinquency persists at elevated levels in comparison to other EU countries. Despite concerted efforts to mitigate its prevalence, juvenile delinquency remains a considerable threat to public safety and social order. Consequently, the prevention of delinquent behaviour assumes paramount significance, necessitating a focused exploration of collaborative initiatives between teachers and officers. The objective of this study is to discern the intricacies of cooperation between teachers and officers in the implementation of delinquent behaviour prevention during adolescence. To attain this objective, the following tasks were delineated: 1) Analyse disparities in the roles of teachers and officers in the implementation of delinquent behaviour prevention. 2) Theoretically conceptualize the collaborative model for teachers and officers in delinquent behaviour prevention. 3) Investigate the nuanced aspects of cooperation between teachers and officers in the execution of delinquent behaviour prevention. 4) Identify the strengths and weaknesses inherent in the collaboration between teachers and officers for delinquent behaviour prevention. Methodologically, the study employs theoretical literature analysis, examination of legal acts, and statistical data analysis derived from empirical research. The study's findings revealed that despite a shared desire and positive attitudes toward cooperation between teachers and officers, the current level of collaboration is deemed inadequate and inefficacious. Notably, only 14.5% of teachers reported actual collaborative experiences with officers, despite a high prevalence of delinquent behaviour incidents, encountered by 63.1% of teachers in the last semester. Additionally, the study identified deficiencies in legal regulations, notably in the Description of the Organization of Preventive Activities, which lacks specific forms and methods for collaboration with teachers. The study recommends amendments to existing legal frameworks to establish a clear and mandatory system for cooperation.
      1
  • research article
    Greičiūtė, Aušrinė
    Visuomenės saugumas ir viešoji tvarka = Public security of public order., p. 82-93.
    The purpose of the study is to determine what factors affect the career opportunities of employees in the organization. A quantitative survey was conducted using the Anketa.lt website. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 24.0 was used for statistical analysis of the survey data. The data analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics, comparisons between groups (Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, χ² tests, Z-tests) and tests for statistical relationships (Spearman). The results of the study showed that the most important factors affecting career management and career opportunities in an organisation were the pandemic, the organisation's lack of concern for employees' careers, too much competition and a lack of cooperation between the organisation and employees. Environmental uncertainty factors were found to have a greater impact on younger and less experienced employees. Remote or hybrid workers are less likely to be exposed to uncertainty factors. The results of the study show that during the Covid-19 pandemic, uncertainty was amplified and affected men more than women. Most respondents are from the business sector, so restrictions on the survey are possible. The results of the study should help organizations respond more adequately to the influence of environmental uncertainty factors on the career management of their employees. The paper analyses the uncertainty factors that influence the career management process in organisations.
      8
  • research article
    Prots, Anastasiia
    ;
    ;
    Cherep, Alla
    Visuomenės saugumas ir viešoji tvarka = Public security of public order., p. 203-217.
    Gender equality, as equality of rights between men and women, equality of their opportunities and status, is not only a matter of social justice, but also of sustainable development of the economy and financial stability of the country.The article reviews the literature including the definition of gender equality and its evolution over time, as well as an analysis of different approaches to understanding financial and economic security. Special attention is paid to the role of gender equality in financial inclusion and economic activity of women. The impact of gender equality on social capital and sustainable development of countries is analyzed. The purpose of this article is to provide an understanding of the relationship between gender equality and financial and economic security, and to highlight the importance of gender aspects in achieving sustainable and consistent development of the country. The gender wage gap and the low participation of women in employment and economic processes in general limit the potential of the economy. Continuous persistence of such inequalities results in loss of resources and opportunities for economic growth. The untapped potential and knowledge of women become an obstacle to increasing productivity and innovation. A special emphasis on gender equality in the financial and economic sector contributes to increasing women’s access to financial services, their economic independence and reducing the risks of financial insecurity. This contributes to increasing the stability of the economy and financial security. Gender equality also has a positive impact on entrepreneurship and innovation, which contributes to the development of new markets and job creation. Thus, gender equality is not only a matter of justice, but also a key factor for achieving sustainable economic development and ensuring the country’s financial stability. Understanding the relationship between gender equality and financial and economic security is an important step in ensuring the prosperity and long-term sustainability of society.
  • Publication
    Karas Ukrainoje – veiksnys, sukėlęs prekybos žmonėmis paūmėjimą
    [The war in Ukraine - is a factor that led to the escalation of human trafficking.]
    research article
    Visuomenės saugumas ir viešoji tvarka = Public security of public order., p. 169-189.
    Straipsnyje įvardijami iššūkiai su kuriais susidūrė šalys priimančios žmones, bėgančius nuo karo Ukrainoje, grėsmės su kuriomis galėjo susidurti ir susidūria pabėgėliai. Į prekybos žmonėmis problemą pažvelgta kazuistiniu būdu vertinant konkretų atvejį – karą Ukrainoje. Atlikus tarptautinių organizacijų ataskaitų, pranešimų, teisės aktų analizę, bei atliktų interviu rezultatus daroma išvada, kad pabėgėlių krizė padarė įtaką prekybai žmonėmis 2022 m. vasario 24 d. Rusijai inicijavus karinę invaziją į Ukrainą. Tie, kurie bando pabėgti iš konfliktų paveiktų zonų, bet kurioje kelionės vietoje gali būti prekeivių žmonėmis taikiniais.
      2
  • research article
    Visuomenės saugumas ir viešoji tvarka = Public security of public order., p. 264-278.
    The prevention of violence and harassment in labor relations is important because it directly affects the well-being of employees, the functioning of organizations and the overall health of the labor market. Violence and harassment can have serious physical and psychological consequences for employees, causing stress, anxiety, affecting employees' dignity and productivity and other problems. Preventive measures, such as the violence and harassment prevention policy, prioritize creating a safe and healthy work environment, promoting a positive atmosphere where employees are more motivated, engaged and productive. This scientific article aim is to analyze the legal regulation of the prohibition of violence and harassment, including psychological violence, violence and harassment on the basis of gender, in labor relations, and identify problematical aspects with this legal regulation. In order to achieve these goals, there will be analyzed international documents and national legal acts defining the concepts of violence and harassment and the legal regulation of the implementation of prevention. Based on survey data, United Nations and International Labor Organization recommendations, the scale of the problem and possible solutions are reviewed.
  • research article
    Visuomenės saugumas ir viešoji tvarka = Public security of public order., p. 242-249.
    t. Following the declaration of the restoration of independence of the Republic of Lithuania on 11 March 1990, there was a need to regulate not only the social relations within the country related to Lithuanian citizenship, but also to determine the legal status of foreigners in the Republic of Lithuania. The legal status of aliens includes the following: the conditions of entry, residence or departure are determined by the State itself, a right which derives from the sovereignty of the States, but the definition of the legal status of aliens must also be subject to the norms of international law, which lay down the necessary conditions for the legal protection of aliens. The article presents, on the basis of statistical data, the procedure and conditions of entry of aliens into the Republic of Lithuania and assesses the application of the provisions of the Law on the Legal Status of Aliens.
  • research article;
    Tamulevičius, Jonas
    Visuomenės saugumas ir viešoji tvarka = Public security of public order : mokslinis žurnalas, p. 3-22
    Disturbances that turn into riots are very diverse. This can happen when farmers block highways during a protest or when residents protest at the Seimas against the Government's austerity policy and tax reform, or when they protest against the Government's restrictions for people who do not have immunity to the coronavirus and who do not get tested, as well as when football fans express their dissatisfaction with the result of the match. Why are these events considered riots and not public order violations? How do riot crimes differ from other public disorder crimes? What are the characteristics of riot crime investigation? What are the challenges faced by the officers investigating these crimes? The answers to these questions are discussed in the article. Scientific literature, legal acts, and court practice were analysed to achieve the aim. To identify the problems arising in handling riot cases, police officers were interviewed. The analysis shows that the definitions of the riot and the grave violation of public order, established in Article 283 of the Criminal Code of Lithuania, is not clear and leaves the court with wide discretion on how to interpret the content. The Criminal Code should provide definitions of “public order,“ “gathering of people“, and “grave violation of public order.“ The law should establish that for determining a riot, it does not matter where the riot takes place - in a public or private place. In the “gathering of people“ the focus should be on the number of active violators of public order instead of the total number of people present at the riot scene. Police officers lack knowledge about the effects of riots and need riot recognition and qualification training. In practice, police officers face some challenges in identifying riot organisers, instigators and active participants.
      2
  • research article
    Visuomenės saugumas ir viešoji tvarka = Public security of public order., p. 289-307.
    Industrial development is being squeezed to achieve higher economic growth rates worldwide and in Lithuania, causing increasing environmental problems and, in particular, affecting climate change. Climate change is one of the most worrying environmental problems worldwide. In recent decades, it has become increasingly evident in its negative impact on the environment and on economic and social development. Human economic activities are leading to an increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, leading to rising temperatures throughout the global temperatures. Greenhouse gases are emitted from industrial production processes, agricultural activities, the burning of fossil fuels and improper waste management. Industrial growth is often associated with legal entities whose main objective is to maximise profits at the lowest possible cost, which becomes a major threat to the environment. In this context, legal instruments are crucial in addressing climate change, as they set common goals and objectives and create legal mechanisms. Therefore, the author of the article has set herself the goal of exposing the legal regulation of climate change in the context of the ideology of sustainable development, with the exception of the Lithuanian waste management sector. The article focuses on the ideology of sustainable development, its development and objectives, the implementation of the objectives in the context of the compatibility of economic, social and environmental interests, and the actualization of climate change. It reviews the 2015 United Nations General Assembly Resolution “Changing our world: an agenda for sustainable development by 2030”. It brings up to date the basis of the concept of sustainable development, which is the constructive interaction of the three main components: environment, economy and society. It concludes that the absence of, or failure to adhere to, clear and focused national policies to implement international agreements on climate change is a global threat. Moreover, the legal measures identified to mitigate climate change need to be assessed comprehensively in order to avoid further damaging climate change and to ensure the realisation of the concept of sustainable development.