Database.use.hdl: https://cris.mruni.eu/cris/handle/007/20760
Now showing 1 - 10 of 10
  • research article;
    Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government. [Hawthorn] : Society of Business and management, 2021, vol. 27, iss. 2., p. 6242-6252
    In the wake of the economic changes brought about by the global COVID-19 pandemic, both states and organizations unifying them, have taken urgent action to mitigate the socio-economic impact and support economic recovery. Nevertheless, not all designed and implemented emergency measures have achieved the desired results. The purpose of the research is therefore to examine the effectiveness of these measures. Due to the limited amount of data, time period, and other conditions, only Pearson and Spearman correlation analysis was used to achieve the goal. Summarizing the results of the study, it can be stated that the biggest influence on the country's economy in the short term was the choice of measures to stimulate the country's economy after COVID-19 virus, rather than the restriction of movement or the number of COVID-19 patients. However, the wage subsidy used by most countries in the world has been identified as the best means of stabilizing the economy in the short term.
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  • research article;
    Yatsenko, Olha
    Міжнародна економічна політика. Київ : ДВНЗ Київський національний економічний університет імені Вадима Гетьмана, 2018, № 1(28)., p. 1-31
    Розкрито питання двосторонньої торговельної інтеграції внаслідок реалізації поглибленої і всеохоплюючої зони вільної торгівлі між Україною та ЄС, яка дала змогу країнам перейти від партнерства і співробітництва до політичної асоціації та економічної інтеграції. Охарактеризовано ретроспективу становлення двосторонньої співпраці та осно- вні положення четвертого розділу «Торгівля і питання, пов’язані з торгівлею». Встановле- но, що торговельно-економічні відносини в рамках реалізації Зони вільної торгівлі з ЄС створюють низку переваг та загроз. Доведено, що наслідком торговельної інтеграції стала модернізація торгової політики України та визначено її основні домінантами: зростання то- варообороту між країнами та зростання частки європейських країн в структурі зовнішньої торгівлі України; зменшення ввізних мит; покращення умов доступу до ринку; гармоніза- ція законодавства; встановлення тарифних квот; істотне зниження нетарифних бар’єрів у торгівлі; домовленості країн стосовно удосконалення роботи митниць; гармонізації системи технічного регулювання; системи стандартизації, метрології, оцінки відповідності та рин- кового нагляду; санітарних та фітосанітарних заходів; посилення захисту прав інтелектуа- льної власності. Здійснено прогнозування та моделювання зовнішньоторговельного обороту між Україною та ЄС товарами в цілому, та товарами АПК зокрема, на основі використан- ня гравітаційної моделі. Зпрогнозовано позитивну динаміку зростання товарообороту вна- слідок реалізації ПВЗВТ між Україною та ЄС. Визначено, що для агропродовольчих това- рів сценарій більш оптимістичний, що пояснюється домінуванням торговельних преференцій для цієї галузі. Обґрунтовано зростання залежності економічного зростання України від експорту.
  • research article
    Baležentis, Tomas
    ;
    Li, Tianxiang
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    ;
    Journal of cleaner production. Amsterdam : Elsevier B.V, 2016, vol. 116., p. 23-31
    Even though Lithuania has seen extensive social and political transformations, there is still a gap in the literature on environmental performance of Lithuanian economy. Specifically, the environmental pressures stemming from economic activities have never been analysed in lines with the principles of production economics. This paper, therefore, aims to estimate the environmental performance index (EPI) for Lithuanian economic sectors. The paper presents the underlying trends in greenhouse gas emissions in Lithuania. The environmental performance index is estimated by employing the data envelopment analysis in the spirit of the Hicks-Moorsteen indices. The present analysis is based on the data from the World Input-Output Database. Specifically, the environmental technology is defined in terms of the value added, carbon and nitrous oxide emissions, labour, capital and energy. Results of the analysis imply that the analysed economic sectors can be grouped into the four clusters with respect to the mean EPI and its rate of growth. Pulp, paper and agricultural sectors fall into the best-performing group, featuring the highest mean EPI and the highest growth rate. Petroleum production and air transport sectors are those featuring the lowest environmental performance. Therefore, the latter sectors should be given an especial importance when developing strategies for increase in sustainability.
    WOS© IF 5.715WOS© AIF 3.962Scopus© SNIP 2.534
  • research article; ;
    Journal of commercial biotechnology. [Washington : thinkBiotec LLC], 2015, vol. 21, no. 1., p. 39-52
    The paper presents the limited quantitative and qualitative analysis of the biotechnology and ICT industries in Lithuania and Estonia, as well as public policy instruments aimed at supporting the development of these industries. In depth analysis of the employment profile of the select biotechnology and ICT enterprises is provided. The paper suggests that existing public policy instruments designed to promote enterprise and innovation fail to differentiate among technological fields. This and other factors cause preference to the short cycle technological fields, such as ICT. Very few instruments are available for the needs of the biotechnology industry, and the long cycles and return horizons of biotechnology development are not recognized. These oversights are detrimental to the biotechnology sector and high-tech local employment. Suggestions on the policy reform are made.
    Scopus© SNIP 0.208
  • research article;
    The international journal of management science and information technology (IJMSIT).. Toronto : North American Institute of Science and Information Technology, 2014, Special Issue: 2013 ICIE., p. 53-62
    Today`s organizations are increasingly finding themselves in a world characterized by globalization, turbulence and complexity, paralleled with an exponential advancement in information technology (IT). These conditions require flexibility, collaboration, innovation and the courage to embrace uncertainty and ambiguity. Such extreme challenges require radical solutions and the transformation of organization development. Improving efficiency and effectiveness in knowledge-intensive society demands sophisticated technologies – learn from and solve problems with other people in organisations using new technologies. Social technologies are powerful tool for holding organizations accountable for their social impact. Information technology has experienced many cycles of innovation, producing always more complex and integrated set of technologies to respond directly to society needs. The paper presents new management practices using social technologies in public administration organizations for addressing higher costumer expectations. Drawing on quantitative evidences the paper is seeking to improve our understanding of the role of information technologies and to give guidance on how to handle the relationship between technologies and entrepreneurship in public administration organisations with special attention to health sector.
  • Publication
    Evaluation of insurance liabilities in small economy environment
    [Apdrošināšanas saistību izvērtējums mazas ekonomikas apstākļos]
    research article
    Economics and business. Riga : Riga Technical University, 2013, vol. 23., p. 57-61
    This research evaluates insurance liabilities and analyses their influence on insurer’s capital. The author measures the changes in the amount of insurance liabilities due to the forthcoming Solvency II and IFRS 4 “Insurance contracts” phase II requirements by comparing a situation in life and nonlife insurance markets. Presenting the new approach to setting up a risk-free interest rate and its applicability to liability discounting, the author investigates applicability of this approach to small economies using the Solvency II QIS 5 methodology and the Lithuanian insurance market data.
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  • Publication
    The concept of creativity and innovativeness assessment in business organizations
    [Kreativitātes un inovāciju novērtēšanas koncepcija uzņēmumos]
    research article;
    Economics and business. Riga : Riga Technical University, 2013, Vol. 24., p. 85-93
    The article analyses creativity and innovativeness in organisations of service business in Lithuania. Relation between creativity and innovativeness is given, and concepts of creativity and innovativeness, as well as the main research models, are presented. Statistical data and questionnaire survey data analyses are used for the research of the factors of creativity and innovativeness in Lithuania. Research results have shown that more than half of the organisations of the service sector in Lithuania are assessed as not creative; also factors that stimulate creativity are not sufficient for the development of creativity. It is necessary to create a work environment favourable for innovations that would help reveal and develop the creativity of human capital.
  • research article
    Economics and business. Riga : Riga Technical University, 2013, Vol. 24., p. 113-118
    A successful business development cannot be currently imagined without the active use of cutting-edge information technologies and the Internet. Nowadays, technologies offer a wide range of opportunities for entering the international market and expanding the existing one by various methods. In 2011, Lithuania ranked 22nd by the volume of e-commerce among the EU member states with 11% of individuals purchasing online compared to the total number of the population, while in the EU the number of e-commerce users accounts for 34% on average. Therefore, although the number of e-commerce users is continuously growing, the penetration of ecommerce in Lithuania is far below the EU average. The aim of this article is to perform an analysis of the development of e-commerce in Lithuania and to identify some characteristics of e-consumers’ behaviour. Research methods: comparative analysis of scientific literature, statistical data processing methods.
  • research article
    Zeng, Shouzhen
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    ;
    Su, Weihua
    Economic computation and economic cybernetics studies and research. Bucharest : Academy of Economic Studies, 2013, vol. 47, no. 3., p. 171-184
    As a generalization of fuzzy set, hesitant fuzzy set permits the membership degree of an element to a set being represented by several possible values and thus can be considered as a powerful tool to express uncertain information in the process of group decision making. The aim of this study is to present a multi-criteria decision making method, namely MULTIMOORA-HF, to tackle hesitant fuzzy information. Being an extension of the crisp MULTIMOORA method, the MULTIMOORA-HF is designed to facilitate group decision making with uncertain information. The proposed methods consists of the three parts—the Ratio System, the Reference Point, and the Full Multiplicative Form. The proposed method thus provides the means for multi-criteria decision making related to uncertain and complex assessments. Utilization of aggregation operators also enables to reduce subjectivity and bias in the group multi-criteria decision making. The numerical simulation exhibits the possibilities for application of the proposed method.
    WOS© IF 0.42WOS© AIF 1.354
  • research article
    Baležentis, Tomas
    ;
    Kriščiukaitienė, Irena
    ;
    Economic computation and economic cybernetics studies and research. Bucharest : Academy of Economic Studies, 2012, vol. 46, iss. 4., p. 201-212
    This paper analyses the total factor productivity in the Lithuanian agricultural sector, namely family farms reporting to the Farm Accountancy Data Network. More specifically, the Malmquist productivity index and data envelopment analysis are employed to analyze productivity changes and thus define respective policy implications. The research covers the period of 2003–2009. The four output indicators were employed for DEA, namely land productivity, labour productivity, return on assets, and intermediate consumption productivity. The analysis showed that the total factor productivity in the Lithuanian family farms had been decreasing throughout 2004–2005, and has been recovering by 1.3–8.1 per cent annually. However, technical change contributed to the increase in the total factor productivity rather insignificantly.
    WOS© IF 0.274WOS© AIF 1.324